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Use of portable blood physiology point-of-care devices for basic and applied research on vertebrates: a review

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Dept Biol
dc.contributor Inst Environm Sci
dc.contributor Carleton University
dc.contributor University Of Ottawa
dc.contributor John H Prescott Marine Lab
dc.contributor Fish Ecol & Conservat Physiol Lab
dc.contributor Carleton Univ
dc.contributor New England Aquarium
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Ottawa COOKE, STEVEN J. STOOT, LAUREN J. CAIRNS, NICHOLAS A. CULL, FELICIA TAYLOR, JESSICA J. JEFFREY, JENNIFER D. MORIN, FELIX MANDELMAN, JOHN W. CLARK, TIMOTHY D. 2017-03-21T01:08:36Z 2017-03-21T01:08:36Z 2014-05-09T04:26:16Z 2019-07-08T02:13:49Z 2017-03-21T01:08:36Z 2017-03-21T01:08:36Z 2014-05-09T04:26:16Z 2019-07-08T02:13:49Z 2014-01-01
dc.identifier.citation Stoot LJ, Cairns NA, Cull F, Taylor JJ, Jeffrey JD, Morin F, Mandelman JW, Clark TD, Cooke SJ (2014) Use of portable blood physiology point-of-care devices for basic and applied research on vertebrates: a review. Conservation Physiology 2(1): cou011 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2051-1434
dc.description.abstract Non-human vertebrate blood is commonly collected and assayed for a variety of applications, including veterinary diagnostics and physiological research. Small, often non-lethal samples enable the assessment and monitoring of the physiological state and health of the individual. Traditionally, studies that rely on blood physiology have focused on captive animals or, in studies conducted in remote settings, have required the preservation and transport of samples for later analysis. In either situation, large, laboratory-bound equipment and traditional assays and analytical protocols are required. The use of point-of-care (POC) devices to measure various secondary blood physiological parameters, such as metabolites, blood gases and ions, has become increasingly popular recently, due to immediate results and their portability, which allows the freedom to study organisms in the wild. Here, we review the current uses of POC devices and their applicability to basic and applied studies on a variety of non-domesticated species. We located 79 individual studies that focused on non-domesticated vertebrates, including validation and application of POC tools. Studies focused on a wide spectrum of taxa, including mammals, birds and herptiles, although the majority of studies focused on fish, and typical variables measured included blood glucose, lactate and pH. We found that calibrations for species-specific blood physiology values are necessary, because ranges can vary within and among taxa and are sometimes outside the measurable range of the devices. In addition, although POC devices are portable and robust, most require durable cases, they are seldom waterproof/water-resistant, and factors such as humidity and temperature can affect the performance of the device. Overall, most studies concluded that POC devices are suitable alternatives to traditional laboratory devices and eliminate the need for transport of samples; however, there is a need for greater emphasis on rigorous calibration and validation of these units and appreciation of their limitations.
dc.description.sponsorship S.J.C. is supported by the Canada Research Chairs Program and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. We thank Nick Lapointe, Jon Midwood and two anonymous referees for providing comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Oxford Journals (online only, fully open access journal) en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Australia *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Hand-held Blood Analyser
dc.subject Validation
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Field Physiology
dc.subject Non-domestic
dc.subject Biomarkers
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Physiology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Biodiversity & Conservation
dc.title Use of portable blood physiology point-of-care devices for basic and applied research on vertebrates: a review
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/conphys/cou011
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000209703800056

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