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Pocillopora aliciae: a new species of scleractinian coral (Scleractinia, Pocilloporidae) from subtropical Eastern Australia

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Univ Tasmania
dc.contributor Inst Marine & Antarct Studies
dc.contributor University Of Tasmania
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci ANDREAKIS, NIKOS SCHMIDT-ROACH, SEBASTIAN MILLER, KAREN J. 2017-03-21T01:08:56Z 2017-03-21T01:08:56Z 2014-08-20T04:33:35Z 2019-05-09T01:21:46Z 2017-03-21T01:08:56Z 2017-03-21T01:08:56Z 2014-08-20T04:33:35Z 2019-05-09T01:21:46Z 2013-03-15
dc.identifier.citation Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Andreakis N (2013) Pocillopora aliciae: a new species of scleractinian coral (Scleractinia, Pocilloporidae) from subtropical Eastern Australia. Zootaxa 3626(4): 576-582 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1175-5326
dc.description.abstract Lack of morphological features of diagnostic value and high levels of environmental phenotypic plasticity obscure species boundaries for most taxa in the genus Pocillopora Lamarck, 1816 and complicate the definition of taxonomically distinct units. Species of the genus are colonial, generally ramose, rarely massive or encrusting and mostly hermatypic; corallite arrangement is plocoid, septa are generally poorly developed and usually arranged in two cycles; the columella is mostly poorly developed (Veron & Pichon 1976). Verrucae are common, although reduced in some species. Currently 17 species are formally acknowledged within the genus (Veron 2000). Using a molecular phylogenetic approach, recent studies were able to identify genetically distinct lineages in Pocillopora, indicating that Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1751) consists of a cryptic species complex (Souter 2010; Schmidt-Roach et al. 2012a). One of these species, previously considered a temperate ecomorph of P. damicornis, is here described as a novel species, based on its distinct morphology, unique mitochondrial haplotype and incongruity with previously described taxa in P. damicornis. Pocillopora aliciae sp. nov. exhibits a flat, plate-like growth (usually displayed by deep-water morphs of pocilloporids) at all depths, which clearly differentiates it from P. damicornis colonies at subtropical Lord Howe Island or Rottnest Island. Furthermore, Stylophora pistillata Esper, 1797, which is equally known to exhibit flat deep-water morphs, maintains its common gross morphology at equal depth to P. alicae sp. nov. The new species is described below. Types are deposited in the Museum of Tropical Queensland (MTQ), in Townsville Australia. en_US
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Magnolia Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Zoology
dc.subject High-latitude
dc.subject Reef Corals
dc.subject Solitary-islands
dc.subject Delimitation
dc.title Pocillopora aliciae: a new species of scleractinian coral (Scleractinia, Pocilloporidae) from subtropical Eastern Australia
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000316171600011

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