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Mangrove community structure and regeneration potential on a rapidly expanding, river delta in Java

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dc.contributor Jktf
dc.contributor Indonesian Inst Sci
dc.contributor Indonesian Institute Of Sciences
dc.contributor Ctr Oceanog Res
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science ULUMUDDIN, YAYA I. SUKARDJO, SUKRISTIJONO ALONGI, DANIEL M. 2017-03-21T01:09:03Z 2017-03-21T01:09:03Z 2014-08-20T04:38:06Z 2019-05-09T01:20:03Z 2017-03-21T01:09:03Z 2017-03-21T01:09:03Z 2014-08-20T04:38:06Z 2019-05-09T01:20:03Z 2014-08-01
dc.identifier.citation Sukardjo S, Alongi DM, Ulumuddin YI (2014) Mangrove community structure and regeneration potential on a rapidly expanding, river delta in Java. Trees 28(4): 1105-1113 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0931-1890
dc.description.abstract Mangroves in rapidly expanding Southeast Asian river deltas form floristically simple zones dominated by a few highly regenerative species adaptable or tolerant to rapid sedimentation and extensive river flooding. The size class distribution, community composition and spatial structure of five representative mangrove forests in the rapidly expanding Cimanuk river delta on Java were determined. These deltaic forests are species-poor (eight true mangrove species) and spatially segregated into three distinct floristic zones: (1) a fringing, low intertidal zone co-dominated by Avicennia marina and A. officinalis, with less abundant Bruguiera parviflora, Rhizophora apiculata, and R. mucronata; (2) a zone transitional between the low and mid intertidal in which Avicennia and Rhizophora spp. co-dominate; and (3) a mid intertidal zone dominated by R. mucronata and R. apiculata. Numerically dominated by seedlings (52,500-73,500 seedlings ha(-1)) and saplings (5,268-5,660 saplings ha(-1)), all five forests are relatively young and actively regenerating. Positive correlations of tree stem diameter and tree height with soil organic matter and P concentrations, salinity, the soil C/N ratio, pH, and silt/clay composition highlight the importance of soil factors in sustaining forest growth. The low diversity and relative structural simplicity of these rapidly growing and regenerating forests may be attributed to adaptation or tolerance to flooding and the rapid sedimentation and seaward expansion of the delta.
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher SpringerLink en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Floristic Composition
dc.subject Dynamics
dc.subject Regeneration Potential
dc.subject Community Structure
dc.subject Diversity
dc.subject Indonesia
dc.subject Australia
dc.subject Estuaries
dc.subject Mangrove Forest
dc.subject Forests
dc.subject Nitrogen
dc.subject Mud
dc.subject River Delta
dc.subject Forestry
dc.title Mangrove community structure and regeneration potential on a rapidly expanding, river delta in Java
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00468-014-1021-2
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000339878500013

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