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Expectations and Outcomes of Reserve Network Performance following Re-zoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Ceans Inst
dc.contributor Sea Res
dc.contributor Townsville Mc
dc.contributor Coll Marine & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor Dept Pk & Wildlife
dc.contributor.author SWEATMAN, HUGH P. A.
dc.contributor.author EMSLIE, MICHAEL J.
dc.contributor.author LOGAN, MURRAY
dc.contributor.author WILLIAMSON, DAVID H.
dc.contributor.author AYLING, ANTHONY M.
dc.contributor.author MACNEIL, M. AARON
dc.contributor.author CECCARELLI, DANIELA
dc.contributor.author CHEAL, ALISTAIR J.
dc.contributor.author EVANS, RICHARD D.
dc.contributor.author JOHNS, KERRYN A.
dc.contributor.author JONKER, MICHELLE J.
dc.contributor.author MILLER, IAN R.
dc.contributor.author OSBORNE, KATE
dc.contributor.author RUSS, GARRY R.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-05-04T00:49:16Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T00:45:28Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T00:45:28Z
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-01T03:16:18Z
dc.date.available 2015-05-04T00:49:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T00:45:28Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T00:45:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-01T03:16:18Z
dc.date.issued 2015-04-20
dc.identifier.citation Emslie MJ, Logan M, Williamson D, Ayling AM, MacNeil MA, Ceccarelli D, Cheal AJ, Evans RD, Johns KA, Jonker MJ, Miller IR, Osborne K, Russ GR, Sweatman HPA (2015) Expectations and outcomes of reserve network performance following re-zoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Current Biology 25(8): 983-992 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0960-9822
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/11027
dc.description.abstract Networks of no-take marine reserves (NTMRs) are widely advocated for preserving exploited fish stocks and for conserving biodiversity. We used underwater visual surveys of coral reef fish and benthic communities to quantify the short-to medium-term (5 to 30 years) ecological effects of the establishment of NTMRs within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP). The density, mean length, and biomass of principal fishery species, coral trout (Plectropomus spp., Variola spp.), were consistently greater in NTMRs than on fished reefs over both the short and medium term. However, there were no clear or consistent differences in the structure of fish or benthic assemblages, nontarget fish density, fish species richness, or coral cover between NTMR and fished reefs. There was no indication that the displacement and concentration of fishing effort reduced coral trout populations on fished reefs. A severe tropical cyclone impacted many survey reefs during the study, causing similar declines in coral cover and fish density on both NTMR and fished reefs. However, coral trout biomass declined only on fished reefs after the cyclone. The GBRMP is performing as expected in terms of the protection of fished stocks and biodiversity for a developed country in which fishing is not excessive and targets a narrow range of species. NTMRs cannot protect coral reefs directly from acute regional-scale disturbance but, after a strong tropical cyclone, impacted NTMR reefs supported higher biomass of key fishery-targeted species and so should provide valuable sources of larvae to enhance population recovery and long-term persistence.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding for the inshore reef monitoring program was provided by the Australian Research Council (ARC), the CRC Reef Research Centre, the Australian Government's Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF), and the National Environmental Research Program (NERP). The offshore reef monitoring program was primarily funded by the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS). Additional funding was provided by the CRC Reef Research Centre, the Australian Government's Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF), and the National Environmental Research Program (NERP). We thank Tim Simmonds for assistance with the figures.
dc.description.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982215001372 en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cell Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Cell Biology
dc.subject Fish
dc.subject Biomass
dc.subject Decline
dc.subject Recovery
dc.subject Ecosystems
dc.subject Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
dc.subject Fisheries
dc.subject Protected Areas
dc.subject Conservation
dc.subject Coral-reefs
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.title Expectations and Outcomes of Reserve Network Performance following Re-zoning of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.cub.2015.01.073
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000353351900019


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