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A review and meta-analysis of the effects of multiple abiotic stressors on marine embryos and larvae

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Sch Earth & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Univ Sydney
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Geosci Australia
dc.contributor Univ Wollongong
dc.contributor University Of Sydney
dc.contributor Sch Med
dc.contributor Natl Earth & Marine Observat Grp
dc.contributor University Of Adelaide
dc.contributor Townsville Mc
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Adelaide
dc.contributor Inst Environm
dc.contributor University Of Wollongong
dc.contributor Geoscience Australia MELLIN, CAMILLE PRZESLAWSKI, RACHEL BYRNE, MARIA 2015-06-11T02:23:11Z 2015-06-11T02:23:11Z 2017-03-21T01:01:15Z 2019-05-09T01:13:08Z 2015-06-11T02:23:11Z 2017-03-21T01:01:15Z 2017-03-21T01:01:15Z 2019-05-09T01:13:08Z 2015-06-01
dc.identifier.citation Przeslawski R, Byrne M, Mellin C (2015) A review and meta-analysis of the effects of multiple abiotic stressors on marine embryos and larvae. Global Change Biology 21(6): 2122-2140 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1354-1013
dc.description.abstract Marine organisms are simultaneously exposed to anthropogenic stressors with likely interactive effects, including synergisms in which the combined effects of multiple stressors are greater than the sum of individual effects. Early life stages of marine organisms are potentially vulnerable to the stressors associated with global change, but identifying general patterns across studies, species and response variables is challenging. This review represents the first meta-analysis of multistressor studies to target early marine life stages (embryo to larvae), particularly between temperature, salinity and pH as these are the best studied. Knowledge gaps in research on multiple abiotic stressors and early life stages are also identified. The meta-analysis yielded several key results: (1) Synergistic interactions (65% of individual tests) are more common than additive (17%) or antagonistic (17%) interactions. (2) Larvae are generally more vulnerable than embryos to thermal and pH stress. (3) Survival is more likely than sublethal responses to be affected by thermal, salinity and pH stress. (4) Interaction types vary among stressors, ontogenetic stages and biological responses, but they are more consistent among phyla. (5) Ocean acidification is a greater stressor for calcifying than noncalcifying larvae. Despite being more ecologically realistic than single-factor studies, multifactorial studies may still oversimplify complex systems, and so meta-analyses of the data from them must be cautiously interpreted with regard to extrapolation to field conditions. Nonetheless, our results identify taxa with early life stages that may be particularly vulnerable (e.g. molluscs, echinoderms) or robust (e.g. arthropods, cnidarians) to abiotic stress. We provide a list of recommendations for future multiple stressor studies, particularly those focussed on early marine life stages.
dc.description.sponsorship Johnathan Kool, Scott Nichol, Nic Bax and several anonymous reviewers provided valuable comments on this manuscript. This work was undertaken as part of the Marine Biodiversity Hub, a collaborative partnership supported through funding from the Australian Government's National Environmental Research Program (NERP). CM and MB were funded by ARC Grants (DE140100701 and DP100105298, respectively). RP publishes with the permission of the Chief Executive Officer, Geoscience Australia.
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Sterechinus Neumayeri
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Strongylocentrotus-purpuratus
dc.subject Coral-reefs
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Future Ocean Acidification
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Ultraviolet-radiation
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Combined Effect
dc.subject Echinoderm
dc.subject Cnidarian
dc.subject Meta-analysis
dc.subject Sea-urchin Larvae
dc.subject Mytilus-galloprovincialis
dc.subject Arthropod
dc.subject Biodiversity & Conservation
dc.subject High Co2 Ocean
dc.subject Mollusc
dc.subject Life-history Stages
dc.subject Seawater Acidification
dc.subject Multifactor
dc.subject Sea-urchins
dc.title A review and meta-analysis of the effects of multiple abiotic stressors on marine embryos and larvae
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/gcb.12833
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000353977500003

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