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Comparative immune responses of corals to stressors associated with offshore reef-based tourist platforms

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Cornell University
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Sch Biosci
dc.contributor Cornell Univ
dc.contributor Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol
dc.contributor Aims Jcu
dc.contributor Univ Melbourne
dc.contributor Coll Marine & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor University Of Melbourne
dc.contributor.author BOURNE, DAVID G.
dc.contributor.author VAN DE WATER, JEROEN A. J. M.
dc.contributor.author LAMB, JOLEAH B.
dc.contributor.author VAN OPPEN, MADELEINE J. H.
dc.contributor.author WILLIS, BETTE L.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-06T00:10:47Z
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-06T00:10:47Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:01:53Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-08T02:13:33Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-06T00:10:47Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-06T00:10:47Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:01:53Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-08T02:13:33Z
dc.date.issued 2015-07-24
dc.identifier.citation van de Water JAJM, Lamb JB, van Oppen MJH, Willis BL, Bourne DG (2015) Comparative immune responses of corals to stressors associated with offshore reef-based tourist platforms. Conservation Physiology 3(1): cov032 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2051-1434
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/11313
dc.description.abstract Unravelling the contributions of local anthropogenic and seasonal environmental factors in suppressing the coral immune system is important for prioritizing management actions at reefs exposed to high levels of human activities. Here, we monitor health of the model coral Acropora millepora adjacent to a high-use and an unused reef-based tourist platform, plus a nearby control site without a platform, over 7 months spanning a typical austral summer. Comparisons of temporal patterns in a range of biochemical and genetic immune parameters (Toll-like receptor signalling pathway, lectin-complement system, prophenoloxidase-activating system and green fluorescent protein-like proteins) among healthy, injured and diseased corals revealed that corals exhibit a diverse array of immune responses to environmental and anthropogenic stressors. In healthy corals at the control site, expression of genes involved in the Toll-like receptor signalling pathway (MAPK p38, MEKK1, cFos and ATF4/5) and complement system (C3 and Bf) was modulated by seasonal environmental factors in summer months. Corals at reef platform sites experienced additional stressors over the summer, as evidenced by increased expression of various immune genes, including MAPK p38 and MEKK1. Despite increased expression of immune genes, signs of white syndromes were detected in 31% of study corals near tourist platforms in the warmest summer month. Evidence that colonies developing disease showed reduced expression of genes involved in the complement pathway prior to disease onset suggests that their immune systems may have been compromised. Responses to disease and physical damage primarily involved the melanization cascade and GFP-like proteins, and appeared to be sufficient for recovery when summer heat stress subsided. Overall, seasonal and anthropogenic factors may have interacted synergistically to overwhelm the immune systems of corals near reef platforms, leading to increased disease prevalence in summer at these sites.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Australian Research Council through funds allocated by the Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies to B.L.W. (ARC CEO561435), and by AIMS@JCU through a grant awarded to J.B.L. en_US
dc.description.uri http://conphys.oxfordjournals.org/content/3/1/cov032.full en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Oxford Journals (OPEN) en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Australia *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ *
dc.subject Acropora-millepora
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Shrimp Litopenaeus-vannamei
dc.subject Green Fluorescent Protein
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Tourism
dc.subject Physiology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Mucus-associated Bacteria
dc.subject Haliotis-diversicolor-supertexta
dc.subject Disease
dc.subject Biodiversity & Conservation
dc.subject Caribbean Corals
dc.subject Vibrio-parahaemolyticus
dc.subject Coral
dc.subject Disease Prevalence
dc.subject Scleractinian Coral
dc.subject Susceptibility
dc.subject Coral Disease en_US
dc.subject Phenoloxidase en_US
dc.subject Immunity en_US
dc.subject Gfp-like Proteins en_US
dc.title Comparative immune responses of corals to stressors associated with offshore reef-based tourist platforms
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/conphys/cov032
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000375198800002


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