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Impacts and Recovery from Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Csiro Land & Water Flagship
dc.contributor Cornell University
dc.contributor Sch Earth & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Labs Excellence Corail
dc.contributor University Of California System
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Cornell Univ
dc.contributor Univ Wollongong
dc.contributor Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol
dc.contributor Scripps Inst Oceanog
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (csiro)
dc.contributor Great Barrier Reef Marine Pk Author
dc.contributor Usr Cnrs Ephe 3278
dc.contributor Coll Business
dc.contributor Reef Ecol
dc.contributor Ctr Marine Biodivers & Conservat
dc.contributor Coll Marine & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Coll Law & Governance
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor University Of California San Diego
dc.contributor University Of Wollongong
dc.contributor Criobe
dc.contributor.author WILLIAMS, GARETH
dc.contributor.author BEEDEN, ROGER
dc.contributor.author MAYNARD, JEFFREY
dc.contributor.author PUOTINEN, MARJETTA
dc.contributor.author MARSHALL, PAUL
dc.contributor.author DRYDEN, JEN
dc.contributor.author GOLDBERG, JEREMY
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:05:53Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:05:53Z
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-03T01:04:37Z
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-01T03:24:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:05:53Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:05:53Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-03T01:04:37Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-01T03:24:16Z
dc.date.issued 2015-04-15
dc.identifier.citation Beeden R, Maynard J, Puotinen M, Marshall P, Dryden J, Goldberg J, Williams G (2015) Impacts and recovery from severe tropical cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0121272 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/11416
dc.description.abstract Full recovery of coral reefs from tropical cyclone (TC) damage can take decades, making cyclones a major driver of habitat condition where they occur regularly. Since 1985, 44 TCs generated gale force winds (>= 17 metres/second) within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP). Of the hurricane strength TCs (>= H1-Saffir Simpson scale; >= category 3 Australian scale), TC Yasi (February, 2011) was the largest. In the weeks after TC Yasi crossed the GBRMP, participating researchers, managers and rangers assessed the extent and severity of reef damage via 841 Reef Health and Impact Surveys at 70 reefs. Records were scaled into five damage levels representing increasingly widespread colony-level damage (1, 2, 3) and reef structural damage (4, 5). Average damage severity was significantly affected by direction (north vs south of the cyclone track), reef shelf position (mid-shelf vs outershelf) and habitat type. More outer-shelf reefs suffered structural damage than mid-shelf reefs within 150 km of the track. Structural damage spanned a greater latitudinal range for mid-shelf reefs than outer-shelf reefs (400 vs 300 km). Structural damage was patchily distributed at all distances, but more so as distance from the track increased. Damage extended much further from the track than during other recent intense cyclones that had smaller circulation sizes. Just over 15% (3,834 km(2)) of the total reef area of the GBRMP is estimated to have sustained some level of coral damage, with >= 4% (949 km(2)) sustaining a degree of structural damage. TC Yasi likely caused the greatest loss of coral cover on the GBR in a 24-hour period since 1985. Severely impacted reefs have started to recover; coral cover increased an average of 4% between 2011 and 2013 at re-surveyed reefs. The in situ assessment of impacts described here is the largest in scale ever conducted on the Great Barrier Reef following a reef health disturbance.
dc.description.sponsorship Fieldwork, data analysis and manuscript preparation were all supported by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and EPHE/CNRS & CRIOBE of Paris, France and French Polynesia using departmental funding and not grants. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Fieldwork, data analysis and manuscript preparation were all supported by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and EPHE/CNRS & CRIOBE of Paris, France and French Polynesia using departmental funding and not grants. The lead author works for the GBRMPA and his role at the Authority facilitated the authors' team being able to complete the described assessments of impacts and recovery following tropical cyclone Yasi. The other funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.description.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0121272 en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher PLoS OPEN en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Australia *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ *
dc.subject Phase-shifts
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Coral-reefs
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Australia
dc.subject Disturbance
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Time
dc.subject Hurricanes
dc.subject Recruitment
dc.subject Long-term Decline
dc.subject Model
dc.title Impacts and Recovery from Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0121272
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000353015800016


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