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Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium

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dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor University Of Technology Sydney
dc.contributor Div Biol & Environm Sci & Engn
dc.contributor Ctr Microscopy Characterisat & Anal
dc.contributor Ctr Microbial Oceanog Res & Educ
dc.contributor Red Sea Res Ctr
dc.contributor University Of New South Wales Sydney
dc.contributor Univ Hawaii Manoa
dc.contributor Ctr Marine Bioinnovat
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor Biol Resources Imaging Lab
dc.contributor King Abdullah Univ Sci & Technol
dc.contributor University Of Melbourne
dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor University Of Hawaii Manoa
dc.contributor Plant Funct Biol & Climate Change Cluster
dc.contributor King Abdullah University Of Science & Technology
dc.contributor University Of Hawaii System
dc.contributor Sch Biosci
dc.contributor Univ Melbourne
dc.contributor Univ Technol Sydney
dc.contributor Univ New South Wales VAN OPPEN, MADELEINE J. H. WEYNBERG, KAREN D. NEAVE, MATTHEW CLODE, PETA L. VOOLSTRA, CHRISTIAN R. BROWNLEE, CHRISTOPHER LAFFY, PATRICK WEBSTER, NICOLE S. LEVIN, RACHEL A. WOOD-CHARLSON, ELISHA M. 2017-11-05T19:02:02Z 2017-11-05T19:02:02Z 2018-11-01T03:15:48Z 2017-11-05T19:02:02Z 2017-11-05T19:02:02Z 2018-11-01T03:15:48Z 2017-09-01
dc.identifier.citation Weynberg KD, Neave M, Clode PL, Voolstra CR, Brownlee C, Laffy P, Webster NS, Levin RA, Wood-Charlson EM, van Oppen MJH (2017) Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium. Coral Reefs 36(3): 773-784
dc.identifier.issn 0722-4028
dc.description.abstract Reef corals are under threat from bleaching and disease outbreaks that target both the host animal and the algal symbionts within the coral holobiont. A viral origin for coral bleaching has been hypothesized, but direct evidence has remained elusive. Using a multifaceted approach incorporating flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy, DNA and RNA virome sequencing, we show that type C1 Symbiodinium cultures host a nucleocytoplasmic large double-stranded DNA virus (NCLDV) related to Phycodnaviridae and Mimiviridae, a novel filamentous virus of unknown phylogenetic affiliation, and a single-stranded RNA virus related to retroviruses. We discuss implications of these findings for laboratory-based experiments using Symbiodinium cultures.
dc.description.sponsorship We acknowledge the technical support from Victor Beltran at the AIMS Symbiont Culture Facility and the scientific and technical assistance of the Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Research Facility (AMMRF) at the Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, The University of Western Australia, a facility funded by the University and the Western Australian and Australian governments. We acknowledge funding from the Australian Research Council SuperScience Fellowship #FS110200034 to K.D.W. and Future Fellowships #FT100100088 and #FT120100480 to M.v.O and N.S.W., respectively. Research reported in this publication was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
dc.language English
dc.subject Coral Bleaching
dc.subject Radiation Increases
dc.subject Viruses
dc.subject Diversity
dc.subject Cellular Mechanisms
dc.subject Heterocapsa-circularisquama
dc.subject Large Dna Viruses
dc.subject Dinoflagellate Cultures
dc.subject Symbiosis
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Reef Corals
dc.subject Virus-like Particles
dc.subject Scleractinia
dc.subject Temperature
dc.subject Host
dc.subject Complete Genome
dc.subject Symbiodinium
dc.title Prevalent and persistent viral infection in cultures of the coral algal endosymbiont Symbiodinium
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00338-017-1568-7
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000406954100009

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