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Assessing National Biodiversity Trends for Rocky and Coral Reefs through the Integration of Citizen Science and Scientific Monitoring Programs

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dc.contributor Southern Cross Univ
dc.contributor Univ Southampton
dc.contributor University Of Tasmania
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Western Sydney
dc.contributor Sch Biol Earth & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Natl Marine Sci Ctr
dc.contributor Univ Tasmania
dc.contributor Sci Monitoring & Knowledge Branch
dc.contributor Smithsonian Inst
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Ocean & Earth Sci
dc.contributor Nat Prod & Agrobiol Inst
dc.contributor Dept Biol Sci
dc.contributor Sydney Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Smithsonian Institution
dc.contributor Csic - Instituto De Productos Naturales Y Agrobiologia (ipna)
dc.contributor Primary Ind
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor Nerc National Oceanography Centre
dc.contributor College William & Mary
dc.contributor Nerc Natural Environment Research Council
dc.contributor Marine Ecosyst Res New South Wales Dept
dc.contributor Marine Sci Program
dc.contributor Tennenbaum Marine Observ Network
dc.contributor Univ New South Wales
dc.contributor Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Cientificas (csic)
dc.contributor Virginia Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor South Australias Dept Environm Water & Nat Resour
dc.contributor Virginia Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Ipna
dc.contributor Natl Oceanog Ctr Southampton
dc.contributor Bites Lab
dc.contributor Dept Parks & Wildlife
dc.contributor William & Mary
dc.contributor Coll William & Mary
dc.contributor Sch Comp Engn & Math
dc.contributor Inst Marine & Antarct Studies
dc.contributor University Of Southampton
dc.contributor University Of New South Wales Sydney
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Ctr Res Math
dc.contributor Csic
dc.contributor Sci & Conservat Div
dc.contributor Western Sydney University
dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor.author THOMSON, RUSSELL
dc.contributor.author STUART-SMITH, RICK D.
dc.contributor.author BARRETT, NEVILLE S.
dc.contributor.author BATES, AMANDA E.
dc.contributor.author BAX, NICHOLAS J.
dc.contributor.author BECERRO, MIKEL A.
dc.contributor.author BLANCHARD, JULIA L.
dc.contributor.author CLARK, GRAEME F.
dc.contributor.author COOPER, ANTONIA T.
dc.contributor.author DAY, PAUL B.
dc.contributor.author DUFFY, EMMETT
dc.contributor.author HOWE, STEFFAN A.
dc.contributor.author JORDAN, ALAN
dc.contributor.author EDGAR, GRAHAM J.
dc.contributor.author BAKER, SUSAN C.
dc.contributor.author BERKHOUT, JUST
dc.contributor.author BROCK, DANIEL J.
dc.contributor.author DAVIS, TOM R.
dc.contributor.author HOLMES, THOMAS H.
dc.contributor.author KININMONTH, STUART
dc.contributor.author KNOTT, NATHAN A.
dc.contributor.author LEFCHECK, JONATHAN S.
dc.contributor.author LING, SCOTT D.
dc.contributor.author PARR, AMANDA
dc.contributor.author STRAIN, ELISABETH
dc.contributor.author SWEATMAN, HUGH
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-12T06:05:46Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-12T06:05:46Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T01:15:49Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-12T06:05:46Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-12T06:05:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-09T01:15:49Z
dc.date.issued 2017-02-01
dc.identifier.citation Stuart-Smith RD, Edgar GJ, Barrett NS, Bates AE, Baker SC, Bax NJ, Becerro MA, Berkhout J, Blanchard JL, Brock DJ, Clark GF, Cooper AT, Davis TR, Day PB, Duffy E, Holmes TH, Howe SA, Jordan A, Kininmonth S, Knott NA, Lefcheck JS, Ling SD, Parr A, Strain E, Sweatman H, Thomson R (2017) Assessing National Biodiversity trends for rocky and coral reefs through the integration of citizen science and scientific monitoring programs. BioScience 67(2): 134-146
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3568
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/1187
dc.description.abstract Reporting progress against targets for international biodiversity agreements is hindered by a shortage of suitable biodiversity data. We describe a cost-effective system involving Reef Life Survey citizen scientists in the systematic collection of quantitative data covering multiple phyla that can underpin numerous marine biodiversity indicators at high spatial and temporal resolution. We then summarize the findings of a continentaland decadal-scale State of the Environment assessment for rocky and coral reefs based on indicators of ecosystem state relating to fishing, ocean warming, and invasive species and describing the distribution of threatened species. Fishing impacts are widespread, whereas substantial warming-related change affected some regions between 2005 and 2015. Invasive species are concentrated near harbors in southeastern Australia, and the threatened-species index is highest for the Great Australian Bight and Tasman Sea. Our approach can be applied globally to improve reporting against biodiversity targets and enhance public and policymakers' understanding of marine biodiversity trends.
dc.description.sponsorship We thank the many Reef Life Survey (RLS) divers who participated in data collection and provide ongoing expertise and commitment to the program, as well as University of Tasmania staff including Marlene Davey, Justin Hulls, Elizabeth Oh, and Jemina Stuart-Smith. Development of RLS was supported by the former Commonwealth Environment Research Facilities Program, whereas analyses were supported by the Australian Research Council (ARC), the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, and the Marine Biodiversity Hub, a collaborative partnership supported through the Australian Government's National Environmental Science Programme (NESP). Additional funding and support for field surveys were provided by grants from the Ian Potter Foundation, Parks Australia, CoastWest, the WA State NRM program, and the Royalties for Regions program. The LTMPA surveys were supported by a wide range of state agencies in temperate Australia, including the Department of Environment, Water, and Natural Resources (South Australia); the Parks and Wildlife Service (Tasmania); the Marine Parks Authority (New South Wales); the Department of Parks and Wildlife (Western Australia); the ARC; a the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation; Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water, and Environment (Tasmania); and the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies. The AIMS LTMP was supported by the Australian Institute of Marine Science and NESP.
dc.language English
dc.subject Size-based Indicators
dc.subject Conservation
dc.subject Convention On Biological Diversity
dc.subject Climate
dc.subject Ecological Indicator
dc.subject Marine Trophic Index
dc.subject Index
dc.subject Continental-scale
dc.subject State Of The Environment
dc.subject Exploited Fish
dc.subject Global Biodiversity
dc.subject Range Shifts
dc.subject Biology
dc.subject Fish Community
dc.subject Community Temperature Index
dc.subject Marine Protected Areas
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
dc.title Assessing National Biodiversity Trends for Rocky and Coral Reefs through the Integration of Citizen Science and Scientific Monitoring Programs
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/biosci/biw180
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000396895800007


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