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Towards protecting the Great Barrier Reef from land-based pollution

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Csiro Land & Water
dc.contributor Queensland University Of Technology (qut)
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (csiro)
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Csiro Agr WHITTEN, STUART KROON, FREDERIEKE J. THORBURN, PETER SCHAFFELKE, BRITTA 2016-05-04T00:43:56Z 2016-05-04T00:43:56Z 2017-03-21T01:03:12Z 2019-07-08T02:14:05Z 2017-03-21T01:03:12Z 2016-05-04T00:43:56Z 2016-05-04T00:43:56Z 2019-07-08T02:14:05Z 2016-06-01
dc.identifier.citation Kroon FJ, Thorburn P, Schaffelke B, Whitten S (2016) Towards protecting the Great Barrier Reef from land-based pollution. Global Change Biology 22(6): 1985-2002 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1354-1013
dc.description.abstract The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is an iconic coral reef system extending over 2000 km along the north-east coast of Australia. Global recognition of its Outstanding Universal Value resulted in the listing of the 348 000 km(2) GBR World Heritage Area (WHA) by UNESCO in 1981. Despite various levels of national and international protection, the condition of GBR ecosystems has deteriorated over the past decades, with land-based pollution from the adjacent catchments being a major and ongoing cause for this decline. To reduce land-based pollution, the Australian and Queensland Governments have implemented a range of policy initiatives since 2003. Here, we evaluate the effectiveness of existing initiatives to reduce discharge of land-based pollutants into the waters of the GBR. We conclude that recent efforts in the GBR catchments to reduce land-based pollution are unlikely to be sufficient to protect the GBR ecosystems from declining water quality within the aspired time frames. To support management decisions for desired ecological outcomes for the GBR WHA, we identify potential improvements to current policies and incentives, as well as potential changes to current agricultural land use, based on overseas experiences and Australia's unique potential. The experience in the GBR may provide useful guidance for the management of other marine ecosystems, as reducing land-based pollution by better managing agricultural sources is a challenge for coastal communities around the world.
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Australia
dc.subject Agriculture
dc.subject Environmental Impacts
dc.subject Management
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Sugarcane Production
dc.subject Water-quality
dc.subject Worlds Rivers
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Nitrogen-cycle
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Land Use
dc.subject Management-practices
dc.subject Coastal Ecosystems
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Policy
dc.subject Diffuse Pollution
dc.subject Coral Record
dc.subject Water Quality
dc.subject Nonpoint-source Pollution
dc.subject Biodiversity & Conservation
dc.subject Marine Ecosystem
dc.subject Recent Trends
dc.title Towards protecting the Great Barrier Reef from land-based pollution
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/gcb.13262
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000378721700001

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