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Marine protected areas increase resilience among coral reef communities

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor University Of Adelaide
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Adelaide
dc.contributor Inst Environm
dc.contributor.author CALEY, M. JULIAN
dc.contributor.author MELLIN, CAMILLE
dc.contributor.author MACNEIL, M. AARON
dc.contributor.author CHEAL, ALISTAIR J.
dc.contributor.author EMSLIE, MICHAEL J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:03:27Z
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-23T01:23:29Z
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-23T01:23:29Z
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-20T00:46:53Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:03:27Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-23T01:23:29Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-23T01:23:29Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-20T00:46:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016-06-01
dc.identifier.citation Mellin C, MacNeil MA, Cheal AJ, Emslie MJ, Caley MJ (2016) Marine protected areas increase resilience among coral reef communities. Ecology Letters 19(6): 629-637 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1461-023X
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/12422
dc.description.abstract With marine biodiversity declining globally at accelerating rates, maximising the effectiveness of conservation has become a key goal for local, national and international regulators. Marine protected areas (MPAs) have been widely advocated for conserving and managing marine biodiversity yet, despite extensive research, their benefits for conserving non-target species and wider ecosystem functions remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that MPAs can increase the resilience of coral reef communities to natural disturbances, including coral bleaching, coral diseases, Acanthaster planci outbreaks and storms. Using a 20-year time series from Australia's Great Barrier Reef, we show that within MPAs, (1) reef community composition was 21-38% more stable; (2) the magnitude of disturbance impacts was 30% lower and (3) subsequent recovery was 20% faster that in adjacent unprotected habitats. Our results demonstrate that MPAs can increase the resilience of marine communities to natural disturbance possibly through herbivory, trophic cascades and portfolio effects.
dc.description.sponsorship We thank members of the Australian Institute of Marine Science Long-Term Monitoring Program that have contributed to collection of the data used in these analyses, and H. Sweatman and K. Anthony for providing helpful comments. This research was done as part of the Marine Biodiversity Hub, a collaborative partnership supported through funding from the Australian Government's National Environmental Research Program (NERP) (www.nerpmarine.edu.au). CM was funded by an ARC grant (DE140100701).
dc.description.sponsorship This research was done as part of the Marine Biodiversity Hub, a collaborative partnership supported through funding from the Australian Government's National Environmental Research Program (NERP) (www.nerpmarine.edu.au). CM was funded by an ARC grant (DE140100701). en_US
dc.description.uri http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12598/full en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Marine Reserves
dc.subject Crown-of-thorns Starfish
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Benthos
dc.subject Bleaching
dc.subject Disturbance
dc.subject Network
dc.subject Fishes
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Rates
dc.subject Fish
dc.subject Acanthaster Planci
dc.subject Biodiversity
dc.subject Outcomes
dc.subject Recovery
dc.subject Great Barrier Reef
dc.subject Cyclone
dc.title Marine protected areas increase resilience among coral reef communities
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/ele.12598
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000375752400004


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