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Sympathy for the devil: a conservation strategy for devil and manta rays

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dc.contributor Ocean Fdn
dc.contributor Shark Advocates Int
dc.contributor Dept Biol & Environm Sci
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Earth Ocean Res Grp
dc.contributor Natl Inst Water & Atmospher Res
dc.contributor Linnaeus Univ
dc.contributor Dept Biol Sci
dc.contributor Wildaid
dc.contributor Coll Marine & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Dept Environm
dc.contributor Univ York
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Blue Resources
dc.contributor University Of York - Uk
dc.contributor National Institute Of Water & Atmospheric Research (niwa) - New Zealand
dc.contributor Simon Fraser Univ
dc.contributor Linnaeus University
dc.contributor Ctr Sustainable Trop Fisheries & Aquaculture
dc.contributor Project Aware Fdn
dc.contributor Simon Fraser University
dc.contributor Tethys Res Inst
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Manta Trust
dc.contributor.author DULVY, NICHOLAS K.
dc.contributor.author LAWSON, JULIA M.
dc.contributor.author FORDHAM, SONJA V.
dc.contributor.author O'MALLEY, MARY P.
dc.contributor.author DAVIDSON, LINDSAY N. K.
dc.contributor.author WALLS, RACHEL H. L.
dc.contributor.author HEUPEL, MICHELLE R.
dc.contributor.author STEVENS, GUY
dc.contributor.author FERNANDO, DANIEL
dc.contributor.author BUDZIAK, ANIA
dc.contributor.author SIMPFENDORFER, COLIN A.
dc.contributor.author ENDER, ISABEL
dc.contributor.author FRANCIS, MALCOLM P.
dc.contributor.author DI SCIARA, GIUSEPPE NOTARBARTOLO
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-12T23:23:56Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-12T23:23:56Z
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-01T03:12:36Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-12T23:23:56Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-12T23:23:56Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-01T03:12:36Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-14
dc.identifier.citation Lawson JM, Fordham SV, O'Malley MP, Davidson LNK, Walls RHL, Heupel MR, Stevens G, Fernando D, Budziak A, Simpfendorfer CA, Ender I, Francis MP, di Sciara GN, Dulvy NK (2017) Sympathy for the devil: a conservation strategy for devil and manta rays. PeerJ 5: e3027
dc.identifier.issn 2167-8359
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/1264
dc.description.abstract Background. International trade for luxury products, medicines, and tonics poses a threat to both terrestrial and marine wildlife. The demand for and consumption of gill plates (known as Peng Yu Sai, "Fish Gill of Mobulid Ray") from devil and manta rays (subfamily Mobulinae, collectively referred to as mobulids) poses a significant threat to these marine fishes because of their extremely low productivity. The demand for these gill plates has driven an international trade supplied by largely unmonitored and unregulated catches from target, and incidental fisheries around the world. Scientific research, conservation campaigns, and legal protections for devil rays have lagged behind those for manta rays despite similar threats across all mobufids. Methods. To investigate the difference in attention given to devil rays and manta rays, we examined trends in the scientific literature and updated species distribution maps for all mobufids. Using available information on target and incidental fisheries, and gathering information on fishing and trade regulations (at international, national, and territorial levels), we examined how threats and protective measures overlap with species distribution. We then used a species conservation planning approach to develop the Global Devil and Manta Ray Conservation Strategy, specifying a vision, goals, objectives, and actions to advance the knowledge and protection of both devil and manta rays. Results and Discussion. Our literature review revealed that there had been nearly 2.5-times more "manta"-titled publications, than "mobula" or "devil ray"-titled publications over the Past 4.5 years (January 2012 June 2016). The majority of these recent publications were reports on occurrence of mobulid species. These publications contributed to updated Area of Occupancy and Extent of Occurrence maps which showed expanded distributions for most mobulid species and overlap between the two genera. While several international protections have recently expanded to include all mobulids, there remains a greater number of national, state, and territory-level protections for manta rays compared to devil rays. We hypothesize that there are fewer scientific publications and regulatory protections for devil rays due primarily to perceptions of charisma that favour manta rays. We suggest that the well-established species conservation framework used here offers an objective solution to close this gap. To advance the goals of the conservation strategy we highlight opportunities for parity in protection and suggest solutions to help reduce target and by catch fisheries.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding provided by Natural Science and Engineering Research Council, Canada (NKD, LNKD), the Canada Research Chairs program (NKD), and the Save Our Seas Foundation project #235 (NKD) and #242 (DF). Support for workshop participants was provided by the Project AWARE Foundation (AB and Kerstin Forsberg), WildAid (MRH, MPO), and the New England Aquarium (Kerstin Forsberg). The following grant information was disclosed by the authors: Natural Science and Engineering Research Council, Canada; Canada Research Chairs program; Save Our Seas Foundation project: #235, #242; Save Our Seas Save Our Species project: #2013A-058, #2013A-069; US State Department Contribution to IUCN. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.language English
dc.subject Megafauna
dc.subject Mobulidae
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Fisheries
dc.subject Convention On The International Trade In Endangered Species (cites)
dc.subject Multilateral Environmental Agreements (meas)
dc.subject Extinction Risk International Union For The Conservation Of Nature (iucn)
dc.subject Convention On The Conservation Of Migratory Species Of Wild Animals (cms)
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Tourism
dc.subject Conservation Planning
dc.subject Release
dc.subject Trade
dc.subject Bycatch
dc.subject Charismatic Species
dc.subject Stingrays
dc.subject Extinction Risk
dc.subject Wildlife Trade
dc.subject Wildlife
dc.subject Marine
dc.subject Elasmobranch
dc.title Sympathy for the devil: a conservation strategy for devil and manta rays
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.7717/peerj.3027
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000396906100002


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