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A fine spatial-scale sea surface temperature atlas of the Australian regional seas (SSTAARS): Seasonal variability and trends around Australasia and New Zealand revisited

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dc.contributor Woods Hole Oceanog Inst
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (csiro)
dc.contributor South Australian Res & Dev Inst
dc.contributor National Institute Of Water & Atmospheric Research (niwa) - New Zealand
dc.contributor Bur Meteorol
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Csiro Oceans & Atmosphere
dc.contributor Niwa
dc.contributor Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Bureau Of Meteorology - Australia SUTTON, PHIL JONES, EMLYN WIJFFELS, SUSAN E. GRIFFIN, CHRISTOPHER MIDDLETON, JOHN F. KING, EDWARD BEGGS, HELEN CAHILL, MADELEINE FENG, MING BENTHUYSEN, JESSICA A. STEINBERG, CRAIG R. 2018-10-14T18:55:40Z 2018-10-14T18:55:40Z 2019-07-08T02:09:50Z 2018-10-14T18:55:40Z 2018-10-14T18:55:40Z 2019-07-08T02:09:50Z 2018-11-01
dc.identifier.citation Wijffels SE, Beggs H, Griffin C, Middleton JF, Cahill M, King E, Jones E, Feng M, Benthuysen JA, Steinberg CR, Sutton P (2018) A fine spatial-scale sea surface temperature atlas of the Australian regional seas (SSTAARS): Seasonal variability and trends around Australasia and New Zealand revisited. Journal of Marine Systems187: 156-196
dc.identifier.issn 0924-7963
dc.description.abstract We use 25 years of Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data from NOAA Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites received by six Australian and two Antarctic reception stations to construct a detailed climatology of sea surface temperature (SST) around Australasia. The data have been processed following international GHRSST protocols to help reduce instrument bias using in situ data, with only night-time nearly cloud-free data used to reduce diurnal bias and cloud contamination. A pixel-wise climatology (with four annual sinusoids) and linear trend are fit to the data using a robust technique and monthly non-seasonal percentiles derived. The resulting Atlas, known as the SST Atlas of Australian Regional Seas (SSTAARS), has a spatial resolution of similar to 2 km and thus reveals unprecedented detail of regional oceanographic phenomena, including tidally-driven entrainment cooling over shelves and reef flats, wind-driven upwelling, shelf winter water fronts, cold river plumes, the footprint of the seasonal boundary current flows and standing mesoscale features in the major offshore currents. The Atlas (and associated statistics) will provide a benchmark for high-resolution ocean modelers and be a resource for ecosystem studies where temperatures, and their extremes, impact on ocean chemistry, species ranges and distribution.
dc.description.sponsorship The AVHRR SST data were sourced from the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS: - IMOS is a national collaborative research infrastructure, supported by the Australian Government. The version 2 IMOS AVHRR SST products were produced using the National Computational Infrastructure at the Australian National University. SST from Queensland wave rider buoys was made available by the Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation, Queensland Government, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution sourced on 27 February 2017. Wave-rider SST data off NSW was provided to us by NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, and was collected by the Manly Hydraulics Laboratory. The port sea level gauge and drifting buoy SST records were made available by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. NOAA_OI_SST_V2 data were provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their Web site at For bottom bathymetry, we used the Terrainbase product from the National Geophysical Data Center and World Data Center-A for Solid Earth Geophysics in Boulder, Colorado. This work was supported by the author's institutions and the Australian Integrated Marine Observing System. These funders had no input to the study design and analysis.
dc.language English
dc.subject Satellite Observations
dc.subject Tidal Mixing
dc.subject System
dc.subject Warming Trends
dc.subject 10 Degrees N-60 Degrees S
dc.subject Boundary Currents
dc.subject Bass Strait
dc.subject Western-australia
dc.subject Wintertime Circulation
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Currents
dc.subject Southern Shelves
dc.subject Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
dc.subject Oceanography
dc.subject East
dc.subject New-guinea
dc.subject 80 Degrees E-180 Degrees E
dc.subject Seasonal Cycle
dc.subject Sea Surface Temperature
dc.subject Indian-ocean
dc.subject Geology
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.title A fine spatial-scale sea surface temperature atlas of the Australian regional seas (SSTAARS): Seasonal variability and trends around Australasia and New Zealand revisited
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.07.005
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000445313300013

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