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Patterns of Sponge Biodiversity in the Pilbara, Northwestern Australia

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dc.contributor Eskitis Inst Drug Discovery
dc.contributor Aims
dc.contributor Nerc Natural Environment Research Council
dc.contributor Western Australian Marine Sci Inst
dc.contributor Nerc British Antarctic Survey
dc.contributor Queensland Museum
dc.contributor Griffith Univ
dc.contributor Griffith University
dc.contributor Western Australian Museum
dc.contributor Univ Ofwestern Australia
dc.contributor University Of Cambridge
dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor British Antarctic Survey HOOPER, JOHN NORMAN ASHBY FROMONT, JANE WAHAB, MUHAMMAD AZMI ABDUL GOMEZ, OLIVER EKINS, MERRICK GROL, MONIQUE 2019-01-06T19:02:17Z 2019-01-06T19:02:17Z 2019-07-08T02:14:22Z 2019-01-06T19:02:17Z 2019-01-06T19:02:17Z 2019-07-08T02:14:22Z 2016-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Fromont J, Wahab MAA, Gomez O, Ekins M, Grol M, Hooper JNA (2016) Patterns of Sponge Biodiversity in the Pilbara, Northwestern Australia. Diversity 8: 21
dc.identifier.issn 1424-2818
dc.description.abstract This study assessed the biodiversity of sponges within the Integrated Marine and Coastal Regionalisation for Australia (IMCRA) bioregions of the Pilbara using datasets amalgamated from the Western Australian Museum and the Atlas of Living Australia. The Pilbara accounts for a total of 1164 Linnean and morphospecies. A high level of "apparent endemism" was recorded with 78% of species found in only one of six bioregions, with less than 10% confirmed as widely distributed. The Ningaloo, Pilbara Nearshore and Pilbara Offshore bioregions are biodiversity hotspots (>250 species) and are recognised as having the highest conservation value, followed by North West Shelf containing 232 species. Species compositions differed between bioregions, with those that are less spatially separated sharing more species. Notably, the NorthWest Province bioregion (110 species) exhibited the most distinct species composition, highlighting it as a unique habitat within the Pilbara. While sponge biodiversity is apparently high, incomplete sampling effort for the region was identified, with only two sampling events recorded for the Central West Transition bioregion. Furthermore, only 15% of records in the dataset are presently described (Linnean) species, highlighting the continuing need for taxonomic expertise for the conservation and management of marine biodiversity resources.
dc.language English
dc.subject Benthic Survey
dc.subject Species Richness
dc.subject Porifera
dc.subject Distribution
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Museum Records
dc.subject Eastern Indian Ocean
dc.title Patterns of Sponge Biodiversity in the Pilbara, Northwestern Australia
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/d8040021
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000390134700004

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