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Marine probiotics: increasing coral resistance to bleaching through microbiome manipulation

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dc.contributor Inst Quim
dc.contributor Dept Microbial Ecol
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Inst Microbiol
dc.contributor Dept Environm Microbiol
dc.contributor University Of California System
dc.contributor Ufz
dc.contributor University Of California Davis
dc.contributor Coll Sci & Engn
dc.contributor Med Microbiol & Immunol
dc.contributor Helmholtz Association
dc.contributor Univ Calif Davis
dc.contributor Imam Aquario Rio De Janeiro Aquarium Res Ctr
dc.contributor Helmholtz Center For Environmental Research (ufz)
dc.contributor Universidade Federal Do Rio De Janeiro
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Fed Rio De Janeiro
dc.contributor Royal Netherlands Academy Of Arts & Sciences
dc.contributor Fed Univ Rio De Janeiro Ufrj
dc.contributor Netherlands Inst Ecol Nioo Knaw
dc.contributor Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res
dc.contributor Netherlands Institute Of Ecology (nioo-knaw)
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Evolut & Ecol
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor Genome Ctr BOURNE, DAVID G. ROSADO, PHILLIPE M. DUARTE, GUSTAVO A. S. JOSPIN, GUILLAUME DA ROCHA, ULISSES NUNES DINI-ANDREOTE, FRANCISCO EISEN, JONATHAN A. PEIXOTO, RAQUEL S. LEITE, DEBORAH C. A. CHALOUB, RICARDO M. SARAIVA, JOAO P. 2019-04-09T06:45:25Z 2019-04-09T06:45:25Z 2019-10-21T21:34:37Z 2019-04-09T06:45:25Z 2019-04-09T06:45:25Z 2019-10-21T21:34:37Z 2019-04-01
dc.identifier.citation Rosado PM, Leite DCA, Duarte GAS, Chaloub RM, Jospin G, da Rocha UN, Saraiva JP, Dini-Andreote F, Eisen JA, Bourne DG, Peixoto RS (2019) Marine probiotics: increasing coral resistance to bleaching through microbiome manipulation. ISME Journal 13: 921-936
dc.identifier.issn 1751-7362
dc.description.abstract Although the early coral reef-bleaching warning system (NOAA/USA) is established, there is no feasible treatment that can minimize temperature bleaching and/or disease impacts on corals in the field. Here, we present the first attempts to extrapolate the widespread and well-established use of bacterial consortia to protect or improve health in other organisms (e.g., humans and plants) to corals. Manipulation of the coral-associated microbiome was facilitated through addition of a consortium of native (isolated from Pocillopora damicornis and surrounding seawater) putatively beneficial microorganisms for corals (pBMCs), including five Pseudoalteromonas sp., a Halomonas taeanensis and a Cobetia marina-related species strains. The results from a controlled aquarium experiment in two temperature regimes (26 degrees C and 30 degrees C) and four treatments (pBMC; pBMC with pathogen challenge - Vibrio coralliilyticus, VC; pathogen challenge, VC; and control) revealed the ability of the pBMC consortium to partially mitigate coral bleaching. Significantly reduced coral-bleaching metrics were observed in pBMC-inoculated corals, in contrast to controls without pBMC addition, especially challenged corals, which displayed strong bleaching signs as indicated by significantly lower photopigment contents and F-v/F-m ratios. The structure of the coral microbiome community also differed between treatments and specific bioindicators were correlated with corals inoculated with pBMC (e.g., Cobetia sp.) or VC (e.g., Ruegeria sp.). Our results indicate that the microbiome in corals can be manipulated to lessen the effect of bleaching, thus helping to alleviate pathogen and temperature stresses, with the addition of BMCs representing a promising novel approach for minimizing coral mortality in the face of increasing environmental impacts.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was supported by the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), the National Council for the Improvement of Higher Education (CAPES) and the Carlos Chagas Filho Foundation for Research Support of Rio de Janeiro State (FAPERJ).
dc.language English
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Bacterial Communities
dc.subject Scleractinian Coral
dc.subject Pocillopora-damicornis
dc.subject Patterns
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Reef Restoration
dc.subject Pathogen
dc.subject Biological-control
dc.subject Pcr
dc.subject Microbiology
dc.subject Genes
dc.title Marine probiotics: increasing coral resistance to bleaching through microbiome manipulation
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/s41396-018-0323-6
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000461719600006

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