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Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services

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dc.contributor Dalhousie Univ
dc.contributor Univ New South Wales
dc.contributor Edith Cowan University
dc.contributor Dept Ecol
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomputer Center (BSC-CNS)
dc.contributor Ctr Marine Ecosyst Res
dc.contributor The Lab
dc.contributor University of Western Australia
dc.contributor Inst Biol Environm & Rural Sci
dc.contributor UWA Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Aberystwyth Univ
dc.contributor University of Tsukuba
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Scottish Marine Inst
dc.contributor Marine Biological Association United Kingdom
dc.contributor University of Washington Seattle
dc.contributor Sch Nat Sci
dc.contributor Univ Tasmania
dc.contributor Shimoda Marine Res Ctr
dc.contributor Univ Canterbury
dc.contributor Dept Oceanog
dc.contributor Scottish Assoc Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Climate Sys
dc.contributor Univ Tsukuba
dc.contributor University of Tasmania
dc.contributor Aberystwyth University
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Univ Washington
dc.contributor University of New South Wales Sydney
dc.contributor Climate Change Res Ctr
dc.contributor Dalhousie University
dc.contributor CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere
dc.contributor Australian Institute of Marine Science
dc.contributor Ctr Integrat Ecol
dc.contributor University of Canterbury
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
dc.contributor Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Climate Ext
dc.contributor Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies
dc.contributor Marine Biol Assoc UK
dc.contributor Institute of Biological, Environmental, Rural & Sciences (IBERS)
dc.contributor University of Washington
dc.contributor Sch Oceanog
dc.contributor UHI Millennium Institute
dc.contributor Marine Ecol Res Grp
dc.contributor Edith Cowan Univ
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomp Ctr Scannell, Hillary A. Straub, Sandra C. Thomsen, Mads Burrows, Michael T. Hobday, Alistair J. Smale, Dan A. Donat, Markus G. Benthuysen, Jessica A. Alexander, Lisa, V Oliver, Eric C. J. Holbrook, Neil J. Moore, Pippa J. Feng, Ming Sen Gupta, Alex Wernberg, Thomas Harvey, Ben P. Payne, Ben L. Perkins-Kirkpatrick, Sarah E. 2019-04-09T06:45:56Z 2019-07-08T02:23:07Z 2019-04-09T06:45:56Z 2019-07-08T02:23:07Z 2019-04-01
dc.identifier.citation Smale DA, Wernberg T, Oliver ECJ, Thomsen M, Harvey BP, Straub SC, Burrows MT, Alexander LV, Benthuysen JA, Donat MG, Feng M, Hobday AJ, Holbrook NJ, Perkins-Kirkpatrick SE, Scannell HA, Sen Gupta A, Payne BL, Moore PJ (2019) Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services. Nature Climate Change 9: 306-312
dc.identifier.issn 1758-678X
dc.description.abstract The global ocean has warmed substantially over the past century, with far-reaching implications for marine ecosystems(1). Concurrent with long-term persistent warming, discrete periods of extreme regional ocean warming (marine heatwaves, MHWs) have increased in frequency(2). Here we quantify trends and attributes of MHWs across all ocean basins and examine their biological impacts from species to ecosystems. Multiple regions in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans are particularly vulnerable to MHW intensification, due to the co-existence of high levels of biodiversity, a prevalence of species found at their warm range edges or concurrent non-climatic human impacts. The physical attributes of prominent MHWs varied considerably, but all had deleterious impacts across a range of biological processes and taxa, including critical foundation species (corals, seagrasses and kelps). MHWs, which will probably intensify with anthropogenic climate change(3), are rapidly emerging as forceful agents of disturbance with the capacity to restructure entire ecosystems and disrupt the provision of ecological goods and services in coming decades.
dc.description.sponsorship Concepts and analyses were developed during three workshops organized by an international working group on marine heatwaves ( Workshops were primarily funded by a University of Western Australia Research Collaboration Award to T.W. and a Natural Environment Research Council (UK) International Opportunity Fund awarded to D.A.S. (NE/N00678X/1). D.A.S. is supported by an Independent Research Fellowship (NE/K008439/1) awarded by the Natural Environment Research Council (UK). The Australian Research Council supported T.W. (FT110100174 and DP170100023), E.C.J.O. (CE110001028) and M.G.D. (DE150100456). N.J.H. and L.V.A. are supported by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes (CE170100023). M.S.T was supported by the Brian Mason Trust. P.J.M. is supported by a Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (PCIG10-GA-2011-303685) and a Natural Environment Research Council (UK) Grant (NE/J024082/1). S.C.S. was supported by an Australian Government RTP Scholarship. This work contributes to the World Climate Research Programme Grand Challenge on Extremes, the NESP Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub Project 2.3 (Component 2) on the predictability of ocean temperature extremes, and the interests and activities of the International Commission on Climate of IAMAS/IUGG.
dc.language English
dc.subject EL-NINO
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject COMPETITION
dc.subject Environmental Studies
dc.subject RANGE SHIFTS
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject IMPACTS
dc.subject SUMMER
dc.subject HEAT-WAVE
dc.subject ORGANISMS
dc.subject Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
dc.title Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/s41558-019-0412-1
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000462353800016

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