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A global assessment of marine heatwaves and their drivers

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dc.contributor Univ Tasmania
dc.contributor Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Climate Ext
dc.contributor Dalhousie Univ
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Uwa Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor University Of Tasmania
dc.contributor Univ New South Wales
dc.contributor University Of Washington Seattle
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (csiro)
dc.contributor Dalhousie University
dc.contributor Univ Washington
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomputer Center (bsc-cns)
dc.contributor Marine Biological Association United Kingdom
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Scottish Assoc Marine Sci
dc.contributor Aberystwyth Univ
dc.contributor Indian Ocean Marine Res Ctr
dc.contributor Climate Change Res Ctr
dc.contributor Csiro Oceans & Atmosphere
dc.contributor Marine Biol Assoc Uk
dc.contributor Aberystwyth University
dc.contributor Uhi Millennium Institute
dc.contributor Ist Biol Environm & Rural Sci
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomp Ctr
dc.contributor Dept Oceanog
dc.contributor University Of Washington
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor University Of New South Wales Sydney
dc.contributor Sch Oceanog
dc.contributor Scottish Marine Inst
dc.contributor.author STRAUB, SANDRA C.
dc.contributor.author HOLBROOK, NEIL J.
dc.contributor.author SCANNELL, HILLARY A.
dc.contributor.author BENTHUYSEN, JESSICA A.
dc.contributor.author FENG, MING
dc.contributor.author ALEXANDER, LISA, V
dc.contributor.author BURROWS, MICHAEL T.
dc.contributor.author HOBDAY, ALISTAIR J.
dc.contributor.author PERKINS-KIRKPATRICK, SARAH E.
dc.contributor.author SMALE, DAN A.
dc.contributor.author WERNBERG, THOMAS
dc.contributor.author SEN GUPTA, ALEXANDER
dc.contributor.author OLIVER, ERIC C. J.
dc.contributor.author DONAT, MARKUS G.
dc.contributor.author MOORE, PIPPA J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-30T19:04:19Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-30T19:04:19Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-08T22:03:24Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-30T19:04:19Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-30T19:04:19Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-08T22:03:24Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-14
dc.identifier.citation Holbrook NJ, Scannell HA, Sen Gupta A, Benthuysen JA, Feng M, Oliver ECJ, Alexander LV, Burrows MT, Donat MG, Hobday AJ, Moore PJ, Perkins-Kirkpatrick SE, Smale DA, Straub SC, Wernberg T (2019) A global assessment of marine heatwaves and their drivers. Nature Communications 10: 2624
dc.identifier.issn 2041-1723
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/15054
dc.description.abstract Marine heatwaves (MHWs) can cause devastating impacts to marine life. Despite the serious consequences of MHWs, our understanding of their drivers is largely based on isolated case studies rather than any systematic unifying assessment. Here we provide the first global assessment under a consistent framework by combining a confidence assessment of the historical refereed literature from 1950 to February 2016, together with the analysis of MHWs determined from daily satellite sea surface temperatures from 1982-2016, to identify the important local processes, large-scale climate modes and teleconnections that are associated with MHWs regionally. Clear patterns emerge, including coherent relationships between enhanced or suppressed MHW occurrences with the dominant climate modes across most regions of the globe - an important exception being western boundary current regions where reports of MHW events are few and ocean-climate relationships are complex. These results provide a global baseline for future MHW process and prediction studies.
dc.description.sponsorship This contribution is an outcome from the working group 'Marine Heatwaves-physical drivers and properties' (www.marineheatwaves.org) hosted at the University of Western Australia (UWA) Oceans Institute by T.W., D.A.S., N.J.H., and E.C.J.O. in January 2015. The working group received support for the workshop from a UWA Research Collaboration Award, a UWA School of Plant Biology synthesis grant, and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science (ARCCSS: CE110001028). This work contributes to the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) Grand Challenge on Extremes. This paper makes a contribution to the interests and activities of the International Commission on Climate of IAMAS/IUGG and National Environmental Science Programme (NESP) Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub (ESCC) Hub Project 2.3 (Grant No. B0024391). N.J.H. and L.V.A. acknowledge support from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes (Grant No. CE170100023), S.E.P. was supported by ARC grant DE140100952, M.G.D. by ARC grant DE150100456, D.S. by NERC grant IRF NE/K008439/1, T.W. by ARC grant FT110100174 and DP170100023. M.T.B. by NERC grant NE/J024082/1, J.B. acknowledges support from CE110001028, E.C.J.O. by ARC grant FS110200029, P.J.M. by Marie Curie CIG PCIG10-GA-2011-303685 and NERC grant NE/J024082/1, S.C.S. by an Australian Government RTP scholarship. Thanks to Dr Axel Durand for assistance with the Mendeley database. The daily 0.25 degrees resolution and the weekly 1 degrees resolution NOAA OI SST V2 data are provided by the NOAA/OAR/ESRLPSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, at http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/. Finally, we would like to thank the three reviewers (Nathan Mantua and two anonymous) for their detailed and constructive comments, which led to significant improvements in the final manuscript.
dc.language English
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Sea-surface Temperature
dc.subject Stream Variability
dc.subject Gulf-stream
dc.subject North Pacific
dc.subject Ningaloo Nino
dc.subject Increased Frequency
dc.subject Western-australia
dc.subject Indonesian Throughflow
dc.subject El-nino
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Range Shifts
dc.title A global assessment of marine heatwaves and their drivers
dc.type journal article
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/s41467-019-10206-z
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000471586700001


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