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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science WOLANSKI, E 2017-03-21T01:15:33Z 2013-02-28T06:47:39Z 2013-02-28T06:47:39Z 2019-07-08T02:23:59Z 2017-03-21T01:15:33Z 2013-02-28T06:47:39Z 2013-02-28T06:47:39Z 2019-07-08T02:23:59Z 1992-11-20
dc.identifier 2451 en
dc.identifier.citation Wolanski EJ (1992) Hydrodynamics of mangrove swamps and their coastal waters. Hydrobiologia. 247: 141-161. en
dc.identifier.issn 0018-8158
dc.description.abstract Mangrove swamps help control the tidal hydrodynamics of many tropical estuaries. They generate an asymmetry of the tidal currents in both the tidal creeks and the mangrove swamps. This results in self-scouring of the tidal channels. Mangrove land reclamation results in siltation of the channel. Mangrove swamps control the flushing rates of the estuaries through the lateral trapping effect. Lateral trapping leads to the aggregation of mangrove litter along slick lines. Evapotranspiration plays a role in the hot dry season by forming a salinity maximum zone which isolates the estuary from the coastal waters for several months of the year. In the absence of runoff, evapotranspiration in the hot dry season generates an inverse estuarine circulation which can trap high salinity mangrove water, and mangrove detritus, along the bottom of a mangrove creek. This bottom layer can become anaerobic. Groundwater flow appears to play a key role in the nutrient budget of mangrove creeks, exporting salt left behind by evapotranspiration, and inhibiting runoff after rainfall. Particulates and dissolved nutrients outwelled from mangrove swamps to coastal waters are retained in a coastal boundary layer. This coastal boundary layer water can be trapped along the shore for long periods if the coast is straight and mangrove-fringed and the coastal waters are shallow. Headlands inhibit coastal trapping because they enhance mixing. Nutrient-rich coastal boundary layer waters may be ejected offshore as tidal jets peeling off headlands and locally enriching offshore waters.
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.ispartof Hydrobiologia - pages: 247: 141-161 en
dc.subject Estuary
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject System
dc.subject Circulation
dc.subject Model
dc.subject Flow
dc.subject Bowden Reef
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.wos WOS:A1992KJ25300017

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