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Recovery of an Isolated Coral Reef System Following Severe Disturbance

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dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Aims
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor.author PRATCHETT, MORGAN S.
dc.contributor.author GILMOUR, JAMES P.
dc.contributor.author SMITH, LUKE D.
dc.contributor.author HEYWARD, ANDREW J.
dc.contributor.author BAIRD, ANDREW H.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:00:38Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-13T05:32:09Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-13T05:32:09Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T01:04:08Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-13T05:32:09Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-13T05:32:09Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:00:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-09T01:04:08Z
dc.date.issued 2013-04-05
dc.identifier.citation Gilmour JP, Smith LD, Heyward AJ, Baird AH, Pratchett MS (2013) Recovery of an isolated coral reef system following severe disturbance. Science 340(6128): 69-71 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0036-8075
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/4949
dc.description.abstract Coral reef recovery from major disturbance is hypothesized to depend on the arrival of propagules from nearby undisturbed reefs. Therefore, reefs isolated by distance or current patterns are thought to be highly vulnerable to catastrophic disturbance. We found that on an isolated reef system in north Western Australia, coral cover increased from 9% to 44% within 12 years of a coral bleaching event, despite a 94% reduction in larval supply for 6 years after the bleaching. The initial increase in coral cover was the result of high rates of growth and survival of remnant colonies, followed by a rapid increase in juvenile recruitment as colonies matured. We show that isolated reefs can recover from major disturbance, and that the benefits of their isolation from chronic anthropogenic pressures can outweigh the costs of limited connectivity.
dc.description.sponsorship The field work at Scott Reef was supported by crews of the AIMS Research Vessels Lady Basten, Cape Ferguson, and Solander. We thank K. Brooks, M. Case, J. Colquhoun, K. Cook, D. Ceccarelli, A. Cheal, J. Eagle, K. Fitzgerald, E. Gates, A. Halford, O. Hunt, D. Hoey, K. Markey, D. McKinney, S. Neale, R. Ninio, B. Radford, M. Rees, G. Suosaari, A. Thompson, M. Travers, and J. Underwood for help with data collection or analyses; J. Lough for help with sea surface temperature data; and K. Cook, A. McNeil, J. Oliver, and three anonymous reviewers for their comments. This research was jointly supported by the Australian Federal Government through the Australian Institute of Marine Science and the Browse LNG Development Joint Venture Participants, through the operator Woodside Energy Limited. J. P. G., L. D. S., and A. J. H. designed the experiments and collected and managed the data. J. P. G., L. D. S., A. H. B., and M. S. P. analyzed and interpreted the data, and all authors wrote the paper. Data used in this paper can be accessed at the AIMS Data Catalogue at http://data.aims.gov.au/metadataviewer/uuid/efc0b6f4-1eb1-48f0-8673-b161d68f0f2f.
dc.description.sponsorship This research was jointly supported by the Australian Federal Government through the Australian Institute of Marine Science and the Browse LNG Development Joint Venture Participants, through the operator Woodside Energy Limited en_US
dc.description.uri http://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6128/69.full
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.uri http://data.aims.gov.au/metadataviewer/uuid/efc0b6f4-1eb1-48f0-8673-b161d68f0f2f
dc.subject Ecosystems
dc.subject Management
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Diversity
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Resilience
dc.subject Recruitment
dc.subject Communities
dc.subject Decline
dc.title Recovery of an Isolated Coral Reef System Following Severe Disturbance
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/science.1232310
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000317061100046


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