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Avoiding Coral Reef Functional Collapse Requires Local and Global Action

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dc.contributor Helmholtz Association
dc.contributor Universidad Autonoma Del Estado De Morelos
dc.contributor Geomar Helmholtz Center For Ocean Research Kiel
dc.contributor National Oceanic Atmospheric Admin (noaa) - Usa
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Universidad Nacional Autonoma De Mexico
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor University Of Exeter
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci Aims
dc.contributor Bar Ilan University
dc.contributor University Of Queensland
dc.contributor Senckenberg Gesellschaft Fur Naturforschung (sgn)
dc.contributor Noaa
dc.contributor Marine Spatial Ecol Lab
dc.contributor Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel Geomar
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor Met Office - Uk
dc.contributor Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico
dc.contributor Bar Ilan Univ
dc.contributor Inst Ciencias Mary & Limnol
dc.contributor Senckenberg Meer
dc.contributor Unidad Acad Puerto Morelos
dc.contributor Coral Reef Watch
dc.contributor Mina & Everard Goodman Fac Life Sci
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Met Off
dc.contributor Coll Life & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Univ Exeter
dc.contributor Univ Queensland
dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Marine Res Dept MUMBY, PETER J. PERRY, CHRIS T. IGLESIAS-PRIETO, ROBERTO SCHOENBERG, CHRISTINE H. L. FORM, ARMIN U. CARRICART-GANIVET, JUAN P. EAKIN, C. MARK KENNEDY, EMMA V. HALLORAN, PAUL R. WISSHAK, MAX FINE, MAOZ 2013-07-25T06:16:30Z 2017-03-21T01:00:47Z 2017-03-21T01:00:47Z 2019-07-08T02:08:27Z 2013-07-25T06:16:30Z 2017-03-21T01:00:47Z 2017-03-21T01:00:47Z 2019-07-08T02:08:27Z 2013-05-20
dc.identifier.citation Kennedy EV, Perry CT, Halloran PR, Iglesias-Prieto R, Schoenberg CHL, Wisshak M, Form AU, Carricart-Ganivet JP, Fine M, Eakin CM, Mumby PJ (2013) Avoiding coral reef functional collapse requires local and global action. Current Biology 23(10): 912-918. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0960-9822
dc.description.abstract Coral reefs face multiple anthropogenic threats, from pollution and overfishing to the dual effects of greenhouse gas emissions: rising sea temperature and ocean acidification [1]. While the abundance of coral has declined in recent decades [2, 3], the implications for humanity are difficult to quantify because they depend on ecosystem function rather than the corals themselves. Most reef functions and ecosystem services are founded on the ability of reefs to maintain their three-dimensional structure through net carbonate accumulation [4]. Coral growth only constitutes part of a reef's carbonate budget; bioerosion processes are influential in determining the balance between net structural growth and disintegration [5, 6]. Here, we combine ecological models with carbonate budgets and drive the dynamics of Caribbean reefs with the latest generation of climate models. Budget reconstructions using documented ecological perturbations drive shallow (6-10 m) Caribbean forereefs toward an increasingly fragile carbonate balance. We then projected carbonate budgets toward 2080 and contrasted the benefits of local conservation and global action on climate change. Local management of fisheries (specifically, no-take marine reserves) and the watershed can delay reef loss by at least a decade under "business-as-usual" rises in greenhouse gas emissions. However, local action must be combined with a low-carbon economy to prevent degradation of reef structures and associated ecosystem services.
dc.description.sponsorship This project was funded by the European Union project FORCE, a NERC grant, and an ARC Laureate Fellowship to P.J.M. We thank R.S. Steneck and G. Stoyle for providing photographs for Figure 1, G.N. Murphy for comments, I.C. Chollett for programming edits, J.R. Stevens for additional student supervision, and G. Roff for help with the figures. The manuscript contents are solely the opinions of the authors and do not constitute a statement of policy, decision, or position on behalf of NOAA or the United States government.
dc.description.uri en_US
dc.language English
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cell Press (Elsevier Ltd) en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Region-wide Declines
dc.subject Pacific
dc.subject Growth
dc.subject Calcification
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Cell Biology
dc.subject Calcium-carbonate Saturation
dc.subject Resilience
dc.subject Nitrate
dc.subject Ocean Acidification
dc.subject Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
dc.subject Budgets
dc.title Avoiding Coral Reef Functional Collapse Requires Local and Global Action
dc.type journal article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.cub.2013.04.020
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000319482900028

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