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Coral-algal competition: macroalgae with different properties have different effects on corals

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci & Crc Reef Res
dc.contributor James Cook Univ N Queensland
dc.contributor Dept Marine Biol
dc.contributor Hasanuddin Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Fac Marine Sci & Fisheries
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en MCCOOK, LJ JOMPA, J 2017-03-21T00:47:45Z 2017-03-21T00:47:45Z 2013-02-28T06:41:28Z 2019-07-08T02:13:09Z 2013-02-28T06:41:28Z 2013-02-28T06:41:28Z 2017-03-21T00:47:45Z 2019-07-08T02:13:09Z 2003-01-01
dc.identifier 6024 en
dc.identifier.citation Jompa J and McCook LJ (2003) Coral-algal competition: macroalgae with different properties have different effects on corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 258: 87-95. en
dc.identifier.issn 0171-8630
dc.description.abstract Competition between hard corals and macroalgae is a key ecological process on coral reefs, especially during reef degradation, which often involves a 'phase-shift' from coral- to alga-dominated reefs. However, there are relatively few published studies exploring the variability in this interaction. This paper expands the range of documented coral-algal interactions by comparing the mechanisms and outcomes of interactions involving 3 different algal species, as well as general, mixed algal turfs. Mixed filamentous turfs had relatively minor effects on corals. However, the turfing filamentous red alga Corallophila huysmansii provided a dramatic exception to this pattern, being able to settle on, overgrow and kill live coral tissue, perhaps due to allelochemical production by the alga, although this was not directly demonstrated. The larger filamentous alga Chlorodesmis fastigiata ('Turtle Weed'), which is conspicuous and abundant on Indo-Pacific reefs, caused polyp retraction but had little other noticeable effect on coral tissue. A corticated red alga Hypnea pannosa, frequently observed living within colonies of the branching coral Porites cylindrica, did not have a major impact on underlying coral tissue, even over a period of 1 yr, apparently because its relatively translucent and porous thallus structure does not strongly inhibit coral tissue functions. Together, the results demonstrate the considerable potential variability in both the process and outcome of coral-algal competition. This variability can be effectively interpreted in terms of the limited number of mechanisms by which algae can affect corals, with these mechanisms depending largely on the properties (physical, biological, chemical) of the algae. Given the central importance of coral-algal competition to the process of coral reef phase-shifts, understanding the variability and complexity in such competition will have important implications for the prediction and consequences of such phase-shifts.
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Marine Ecology Progress Series - pages: 258: 87-95 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Life-history Traits
dc.subject Chlorodesmis Spp
dc.subject Coral-algal Competition
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Corticated Algae
dc.subject Filamentous Algal Turfs
dc.subject Hard Coral
dc.subject Eutrophication
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Herbivorous Fishes
dc.subject Fringing-reef
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Responses
dc.subject Communities
dc.subject Corallophila Huysmansii
dc.subject Oceanography
dc.subject Porites Spp
dc.subject Blooms
dc.subject Algal Functional Groups
dc.subject Brown Alga
dc.subject Phase-shifts
dc.title Coral-algal competition: macroalgae with different properties have different effects on corals
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000185560800009

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