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The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea: Environmental and socioeconomic status, future prognosis and ameliorative policy options

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Int Marine Project Act Ctr
dc.contributor Suakcrem
dc.contributor Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en WILKINSON, C DEVANTIER, L ALCALA, A 2013-02-28T06:52:40Z 2013-02-28T06:52:40Z 2017-03-21T01:09:53Z 2019-05-09T01:07:23Z 2013-02-28T06:52:40Z 2013-02-28T06:52:40Z 2017-03-21T01:09:53Z 2019-05-09T01:07:23Z 2004-02-01
dc.identifier 6638 en
dc.identifier.citation DeVantier LM, Alcala A and Wilkinson CR (2004) The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea: environmental and socioeconomic status, future prognosis and ameliorative policy options. Ambio. 33: 88-97. en
dc.identifier.issn 0044-7447
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea, with neighboring Indonesian Seas and South China Sea, lies at the center of the world's tropical marine biodiversity. Encircled by 3 populous, developing nations, the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia, the Sea and its adjacent coastal and terrestrial ecosystems, supports ca. 33 million people, most with subsistence livelihoods heavily reliant on its renewable natural resources. These resources are being impacted severely by rapid population growth (> 2% yr(-1), with expected doubling by 2035) and widespread poverty, coupled with increasing international market demand and rapid technological changes, compounded by inefficiencies in governance and a lack of awareness and/or acceptance of some laws among local populations, particularly in parts of the Philippines and Indonesia. These key root causes all contribute to illegal practices and corruption, and are resulting in severe resource depletion and degradation of water catchments, river, lacustrine, estuarine, coastal, and marine ecosystems. The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea forms a major geopolitical focus, with porous borders, transmigration, separatist movements, piracy, and illegal fishing all contributing to environmental degradation, human suffering and political instability, and inhibiting strong trilateral support for interventions. This review analyzes these multifarious environmental and socioeconomic impacts and their root causes, provides a future prognosis of status by 2020, and recommends policy options aimed at amelioration through sustainable management and development.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Ambio - pages: 33: 88-97 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Recovery
dc.subject Marine Reserves
dc.subject Engineering, Environmental
dc.subject Ocean
dc.subject Engineering
dc.subject Impacts
dc.subject Coral-reefs
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Fish
dc.subject Biodiversity
dc.title The Sulu-Sulawesi Sea: Environmental and socioeconomic status, future prognosis and ameliorative policy options
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000220383400012

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