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The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en MCKINNON, AD ALONGI, DM 2013-02-28T06:40:57Z 2017-03-21T00:46:26Z 2017-03-21T00:46:26Z 2019-07-08T02:11:42Z 2017-03-21T00:46:26Z 2017-03-21T00:46:26Z 2013-02-28T06:40:57Z 2019-07-08T02:11:42Z 2005-01-01
dc.identifier 6891 en
dc.identifier.citation Alongi DM and McKinnon AD (2005) The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediment and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 51: 239-253. en
dc.identifier.issn 0025-326X
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract The coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf, with an area of 30,000 km and a water volume of 300 kin, receives an average annual input of sediment on the order of 14-28 Mty(-1) -an estimated two- to fourfold increase since European settlement. There is considerable concern about the impact and ultimate fate of terrestrially-derived nutrients entering the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (GBRWHA). Analysis of current data suggests that microbial communities in coastal waters and in unconsolidated sediments metabolise nutrients equivalent to the entire dissolved and particulate nutrient load debouched from land. River-derived nutrients account for 40-80% of the carbon, 13-30% of the nitrogen, and 2-5'Yo of the phosphorus necessary to support the observed rates of benthic and pelagic mineralisation in Princess Charlotte Bay in the far north, and in Rockingham Bay and Missionary Bay in the central section, of the GBRWHA. Nearly all nitrogen is ultimately returned to the atmosphere via denitrification. There is little net burial of nutrients in subtidal sediments. These budget estimates are based on a sparse data set, but it is clear that marine sources of nutrients (N-fixation by pelagic and benthic cyanobacteria) must be important, but the magnitude of these sources is poorly known and likely to be highly variable in space and time. Data from sediment trap deployments suggest that, despite significant re-suspension, sedimentation fluxes are sufficient to balance benthic mineralisation rates. Most organic material deposited to the benthos appears to be flocculent or colloidal aggregates, perhaps formed via microbial mediation and exudation of extra-cellular material. The geophysical dynamics of the coastal boundary layer plays an important role in concentrating biological and biogeochemical activity within a shallow, narrow coastal zone. Mangroves and tidal flats are small in area, but trap, transform, and store a disproportionate amount of sediment and organic matter within the GBRWHA. The highly efficient use of terrestrially-derived nutrients by benthic and pelagic microbes in the coastal zone helps to explain why coral reefs on the middle and outer shelf have remained relatively unscathed despite a significant increase in sediment delivery. Crown Copyright (c) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.ispartof Marine Pollution Bulletin - pages: 51: 239-253 en
dc.subject Cycling
dc.subject Marine Sediment
dc.subject North Queensland
dc.subject Organic-matter
dc.subject Sediment
dc.subject Nutrient
dc.subject Australia
dc.subject Coastal Zone
dc.subject Fate
dc.subject Nitrogen-fixation
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Environmental Sciences
dc.subject Lagoon
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Mangrove Creeks
dc.subject Continental-shelf
dc.subject Egg-production
dc.subject Shrimp Farm Effluent
dc.subject Great Barrier Reef
dc.title The cycling and fate of terrestrially-derived sediments and nutrients in the coastal zone of the Great Barrier Reef shelf
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2004.10.033
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000227981800024

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