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Paralytic shellfish toxins in tropical oceans

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor James Cook Univ N Queensland
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Dept Biochem & Mol Biol
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en
dc.contributor.author ROBERTSON, A
dc.contributor.author LLEWELLYN, L
dc.contributor.author NEGRI, A
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T00:56:53Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T00:56:53Z
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-28T06:45:41Z
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-09T01:01:08Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T00:56:53Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-28T06:45:41Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T00:56:53Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-09T01:01:08Z
dc.date.issued 2006-04-01
dc.identifier 6989 en
dc.identifier.citation Llewellyn LE, Negri AP and Robertson A (2006) Paralytic shellfish toxins in tropical oceans. Toxin Reviews. 25:159-196. en
dc.identifier.issn 1556-9543
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/6989
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15569540600599217 en
dc.description.abstract The tropics possess some of the world's richest marine environments, most notably coral reefs. Concealed within these ecosystems are a group of potent neurotoxins called the paralytic shellfish toxins ( PSTs), the most famous of which is saxitoxin. Thirty years ago, PSTs were recognized as a major danger to seafood consumers in the tropics. The tropical dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense biosynthesizes PSTs and its contamination of seafood has caused more illnesses and deaths than any other PST-producing microalga. Apart from this and other dinoflagellates, PSTs have been confirmed in tropical benthic algae, molluscs, echinoderms, crustacea, and other arthropods. Some of these organisms are unique in that, to date, they have only been found to be toxic in tropical oceans. For example, species of grazing and predatory gastropods, crabs, and more recently cephalopods have been discovered to contain PSTs in a number of intertidal tropical locations. These animals are thought to accumulate the toxins from benthic sources rather than toxic dinoflagellates as happens with filter-feeding bivalve molluscs such as clams and oysters. Here we evaluate the current understanding of PST transmission through tropical food webs. Finally, we consider the prevalence of PST intoxications in tropical regions and their social and economic costs.
dc.description.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15569540600599217 en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Toxin Reviews - pages: 25:159-196 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Coral-reef Crabs
dc.subject Paralytic Shellfish Toxins
dc.subject Xanthid Crab
dc.subject Bahamense Var Compressa
dc.subject Zosimus-aeneus
dc.subject Atergatis-floridus
dc.subject Papua-new-guinea
dc.subject Dinoflagellate Gymnodinium-catenatum
dc.subject Puffer Fish
dc.subject Tropics
dc.subject Saxitoxin
dc.subject Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning
dc.subject Hiroshima Prefecture
dc.subject Toxicology
dc.subject Pyrodinium-bahamense
dc.title Paralytic shellfish toxins in tropical oceans
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/15569540600599217
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000236741700002


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