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Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef: A globally significant demonstration of the benefits of networks of marine reserves

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Sch Earth & Environm Sci
dc.contributor Sea Res
dc.contributor Sch Marine & Trop Biol
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (csiro)
dc.contributor Great Barrier Reef Marine Pk Author
dc.contributor Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Coral Reef
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Csiro Marine & Atmospher Res
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en EVANS, RICHARD D. DE FREITAS, DEBORA M. HEUPEL, MICHELLE HUGHES, TERRY P. JONES, GEOFFREY P. MAPSTONE, BRUCE MARSH, HELENE MILLS, MORENA MOLLOY, FERGUS J. PITCHER, C. ROLAND PRESSEY, ROBERT L. RUSS, GARRY R. SUTTON, STEPHEN SWEATMAN, HUGH TOBIN, RENAE WACHENFELD, DAVID R. WILLIAMSON, DAVID H. MCCOOK, LAURENCE J. AYLING, TONY CAPPO, MIKE CHOAT, J. HOWARD 2017-03-21T00:50:47Z 2017-03-21T00:50:47Z 2013-02-28T06:44:40Z 2019-05-09T01:06:02Z 2013-02-28T06:44:40Z 2013-02-28T06:44:40Z 2017-03-21T00:50:47Z 2019-05-09T01:06:02Z 2010-10-26
dc.identifier 8427 en
dc.identifier.citation McCook LJ, Ayling AM, Cappo MC, Choat JH, Evans RD, de Freitas DM, Heupel M, Hughes TP, Jones GP, Mapstone BD, Marsh H, Mills M, Molloy F, Pitcher CR, Pressey RL, Russ GR, Sutton S, Sweatman HPA, Tobin R, Wachenfeld D and Williamson DH (2010) Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef: a globally significant demonstration of the benefits of networks of marine reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 107: 18278-18285. en
dc.identifier.issn 0027-8424
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) provides a globally significant demonstration of the effectiveness of large-scale networks of marine reserves in contributing to integrated, adaptive management. Comprehensive review of available evidence shows major, rapid benefits of no-take areas for targeted fish and sharks, in both reef and nonreef habitats, with potential benefits for fisheries as well as biodiversity conservation. Large, mobile species like sharks benefit less than smaller, site-attached fish. Critically, reserves also appear to benefit overall ecosystem health and resilience: outbreaks of coral-eating, crown-of-thorns starfish appear less frequent on no-take reefs, which consequently have higher abundance of coral, the very foundation of reef ecosystems. Effective marine reserves require regular review of compliance: fish abundances in no-entry zones suggest that even no-take zones may be significantly depleted due to poaching. Spatial analyses comparing zoning with seabed biodiversity or dugong distributions illustrate significant benefits from application of best-practice conservation principles in data-poor situations. Increases in the marine reserve network in 2004 affected fishers, but preliminary economic analysis suggests considerable net benefits, in terms of protecting environmental and tourism values. Relative to the revenue generated by reef tourism, current expenditure on protection is minor. Recent implementation of an Outlook Report provides regular, formal review of environmental condition and management and links to policy responses, key aspects of adaptive management. Given the major threat posed by climate change, the expanded network of marine reserves provides a critical and cost-effective contribution to enhancing the resilience of the Great Barrier Reef.
dc.description.sponsorship The assistance and data provided by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) and numerous staff is greatly appreciated. S. Gaines, K. Grorud-Colvert, S. Lester, N. Stoeckl, J. Quiggan, and G. Lange provided valuable comments. The authors acknowledge the traditional owners of the sea country of the Great Barrier Reef. Shoals monitoring results are courtesy of the Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility (MTSRF) and especially P. Speare, M. Stowar, and P. Doherty. This work was supported by a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation (to L.Mc.C.), the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, the MTSRF/Reef and Rainforest Research Centre, the GBRMPA, and the Australian Institute of Marine Science. The Effects of Line Fishing Experiment was supported by the Cooperative Research Centre for the Great Barrier Reef, the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, the GBRMPA, Queensland Fisheries Management Authority, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.ispartof Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - pages: 107: 18278-18285 en
dc.subject Protected Area Design
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Conservation
dc.subject Coral-reefs
dc.subject Connectivity
dc.subject Australia
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Economic Cost Benefit Analysis
dc.subject Dugongs
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Biodiversity Protection
dc.subject Fish
dc.subject Spatial Planning And Zoning
dc.subject World Heritage Area
dc.subject Social And Ecological Resilience
dc.subject Shark Populations
dc.subject Coral Reefs
dc.title Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef: A globally significant demonstration of the benefits of networks of marine reserves
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1073/pnas.0909335107
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000283677400014

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