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Is the coral-algae symbiosis really 'mutually beneficial' for the partners?

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en WOOLDRIDGE, SCOTT A. 2017-03-21T00:53:11Z 2017-03-21T00:53:11Z 2013-02-28T06:44:51Z 2019-05-09T01:09:24Z 2017-03-21T00:53:11Z 2017-03-21T00:53:11Z 2013-02-28T06:44:51Z 2019-05-09T01:09:24Z 2010-07-01
dc.identifier 8476 en
dc.identifier.citation Wooldridge SA (2010) Is the coral-algae symbiosis really 'mutually beneficial' for the partners? . BioEssays. 32: 615-625. en
dc.identifier.issn 0265-9247
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract The consideration of 'mutual benefits' and partner cooperation have long been the accepted standpoint from which to draw inference about the onset, maintenance and breakdown of the coral-algae endosymbiosis. In this paper, I review recent research into the climate-induced breakdown of this important symbiosis (namely 'coral bleaching') that challenges the validity of this long-standing belief. Indeed, I introduce a more parsimonious explanation, in which the coral host exerts a 'controlled parasitism' over its algal symbionts that is akin to an enforced domestication arrangement. Far from being pathogenic, a range of well-established cellular processes are reviewed that support the role of the coral host as an active 'farmer' of the energy-rich photoassimilates from its captive symbionts. Importantly, this new paradigm reposes the deleterious bleaching response in terms of an envelope of environmental conditions in which the exploitative and captive measures of the coral host are severely restricted. The ramification of this new paradigm for developing management strategies that may assist the evolution of bleaching resistance in corals is discussed.
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by the Australian Government's Marine and Tropical Science Research Facility (MTSRF). The manuscript benefited from the comments of three anonymous reviewers.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof BioEssays - pages: 32: 615-625 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Microadriaticum Freudenthal
dc.subject Mutualism
dc.subject Free-living Symbiodinium
dc.subject Parasitism
dc.subject Biology
dc.subject Galaxea-fascicularis
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Cnidarian-dinoflagellate Symbiosis
dc.subject Symbiosis
dc.subject Anemone Aiptasia-pallida
dc.subject Zooxanthellae
dc.subject Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
dc.subject Sea-anemone
dc.subject Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
dc.subject Scleractinian Coral
dc.subject Symbiodinium
dc.subject Genus Symbiodinium
dc.subject Coral Bleaching
dc.title Is the coral-algae symbiosis really 'mutually beneficial' for the partners?
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/bies.200900182
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000279974700012

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