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Genetic Divergence across Habitats in the Widespread Coral Seriatopora hystrix and Its Associated Symbiodinium

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Global Change Inst
dc.contributor Dept Biol
dc.contributor Penn State Univ
dc.contributor Penn State University
dc.contributor University Of Queensland
dc.contributor Victoria University Wellington
dc.contributor Ctr Marine Studies
dc.contributor Great Barrier Reef Marine Pk Author
dc.contributor Pennsylvania Commonwealth System Of Higher Education (pcshe)
dc.contributor Univ Queensland
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor Climate Change Grp
dc.contributor Victoria Univ Wellington
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor.author HOEGH-GULDBERG, OVE
dc.contributor.author BONGAERTS, PIM
dc.contributor.author RIGINOS, CYNTHIA
dc.contributor.author RIDGWAY, TYRONE
dc.contributor.author SAMPAYO, EUGENIA M.
dc.contributor.author VAN OPPEN, MADELEINE J. H.
dc.contributor.author ENGLEBERT, NORBERT
dc.contributor.author VERMEULEN, FRANCISCA
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-28T06:47:12Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:12:00Z
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-21T01:12:00Z
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-01T03:06:21Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-28T06:47:12Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-28T06:47:12Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-21T01:12:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-01T03:06:21Z
dc.date.issued 2010-05-27
dc.identifier 8506 en
dc.identifier.citation Bongaerts P, Riginos C, Ridgway T, Sampayo EM, van Oppen MJH, Englebert N, Vermeulen F and Hoegh-Guldberg O (2010) Genetic divergence across habitats in the widespread coral Seriatopora hystrix and its associated Symbiodinium. PLoS ONE. 5: e10871. en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://epubs.aims.gov.au/11068/8506
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010871 en
dc.description.abstract Background: Coral reefs are hotspots of biodiversity, yet processes of diversification in these ecosystems are poorly understood. The environmental heterogeneity of coral reef environments could be an important contributor to diversification, however, evidence supporting ecological speciation in corals is sparse. Here, we present data from a widespread coral species that reveals a strong association of host and symbiont lineages with specific habitats, consistent with distinct, sympatric gene pools that are maintained through ecologically-based selection. Methodology/Principal Findings: Populations of a common brooding coral, Seriatopora hystrix, were sampled from three adjacent reef habitats (spanning a similar to 30 m depth range) at three locations on the Great Barrier Reef (n = 336). The populations were assessed for genetic structure using a combination of mitochondrial (putative control region) and nuclear (three microsatellites) markers for the coral host, and the ITS2 region of the ribosomal DNA for the algal symbionts (Symbiodinium). Our results show concordant genetic partitioning of both the coral host and its symbionts across the different habitats, independent of sampling location. Conclusions/Significance: This study demonstrates that coral populations and their associated symbionts can be highly structured across habitats on a single reef. Coral populations from adjacent habitats were found to be genetically isolated from each other, whereas genetic similarity was maintained across similar habitat types at different locations. The most parsimonious explanation for the observed genetic partitioning across habitats is that adaptation to the local environment has caused ecological divergence of distinct genetic groups within S. hystrix.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was funded by the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (www.coralcoe.org.au), the Project Aware Foundation (www.projectaware.org) and the Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI) Foundation (www.padifoundation.org). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.description.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010871 en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE - pages: 5: e10871 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Community Structure
dc.subject Montastraea-annularis
dc.subject Acropora-palifera
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Population-structure
dc.subject Large Depth Ranges
dc.subject Pocillopora-damicornis
dc.subject Ecological Speciation
dc.subject Sympatric Speciation
dc.subject Scleractinian Coral
dc.title Genetic Divergence across Habitats in the Widespread Coral Seriatopora hystrix and Its Associated Symbiodinium
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0010871
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000278221900017


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