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Effects of fisheries closure size, age, and history of compliance on coral reef fish communities in the western Indian Ocean

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Universite De La Mediterranee - Aix-marseille Ii
dc.contributor Marine Programs
dc.contributor Sch Marine Sci & Technol
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor Wildlife Conservat Soc
dc.contributor Newcastle Univ
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Arc Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies
dc.contributor University Of Aix-marseille
dc.contributor Wildlife Conservation Society
dc.contributor Ctr Oceanol Marseille
dc.contributor Dept Environm & Conservat
dc.contributor Newcastle University - Uk
dc.contributor Aix-marseille Universite
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Univ Aix Marseille 2
dc.contributor Uwa Oceans Inst M096
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en FISHER, REBECCA MCCLANAHAN, TIM R. WILSON, SHAUN K. LETOURNEUR, YVES GRAHAM, NICHOLAS A. J. 2013-02-28T06:48:13Z 2013-02-28T06:48:13Z 2017-03-21T01:16:41Z 2019-05-09T01:20:56Z 2013-02-28T06:48:13Z 2013-02-28T06:48:13Z 2017-03-21T01:16:41Z 2019-05-09T01:20:56Z 2009-01-01
dc.identifier 8537 en
dc.identifier.citation McClanahan TR, Graham NAJ, Wilson SK, Letourneur Y and Fisher R (2009) Effects of fisheries closure size, age, and history of compliance on coral reef fish communities in the western Indian Ocean . Marine Ecology Progress Series. 396: 99-109. en
dc.identifier.issn 0171-8630
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract The hypothesis that the history of management compliance (strong versus variable), closure size (0.3 to 28 km(2)), closure age (2 to 39 yr), and habitat/geographic variables influenced total fish biomass, the number of species, and the ratio of herbivores to carnivores in no-take areas was tested. Twenty existing closures across 6 countries in the western Indian Ocean were sampled during the same time period (2004 to 2007). Geographic location and closure attributes were weak to moderate predictors of these coral reef fish community variables for analyses of all closures. Strong interactions between fish community variables and levels of compliance indicated that high compliance sites largely drove the closure-fish community relationships. Variable or weak compliance and closures <1 km(2) exhibited limited recovery of fish communities. The closure area-fish biomass data for strong-compliance closures indicates that biomass is stable above 5 km(2). A mix of community-based, private, and national program closures were sampled, and, although low sample sizes within each of these management systems precludes conclusive analysis, none of these management systems was universally successful in terms of compliance or maximizing fish community variables.
dc.description.sponsorship Research was supported by the Wildlife Conservation Society and grants from the Fisheries Society of the British Isles, Leverhulme Trust, IUCN, and Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA). This paper was derived from a WIOMSA-sponsored workshop 'People and their marine parks' organized by J. Cinner. We are grateful for logistical support from the Kenya Wildlife Service, Mauritius Oceanographic Institute, Tanga Coastal Zone Management Program, Seychelles Fishing Authority, Seychelles Centre for Marine Research and Technology - Marine Parks Authority, Nature Seychelles, Board of Trustees of the Marine Parks and Reserves of Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam - Institute of Marine Science, and WCS-Madagascar, and we thank B.J. Radriamanantsoa, J. Mama, N.A. Muthiga, and J. Omukoto for field assistance.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.ispartof Marine Ecology Progress Series - pages: 396: 99-109 en
dc.subject Marine Fisheries Reserves
dc.subject Recovery
dc.subject Island Biogeography
dc.subject Private Parks
dc.subject Northern
dc.subject Management
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Protected Area Management
dc.subject Underwater Visual-census
dc.subject East Africa
dc.subject Reserve Protection
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Populations
dc.subject Seychelles
dc.subject Resilience
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Marine Protected Areas
dc.subject Oceanography
dc.subject Biomass
dc.subject Predator
dc.title Effects of fisheries closure size, age, and history of compliance on coral reef fish communities in the western Indian Ocean
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3354/meps08279
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000273549400009

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