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Prioritizing Land and Sea Conservation Investments to Protect Coral Reefs

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dc.contributor Univ Queensland
dc.contributor Queensland Univ Technol
dc.contributor Ctr Ecol
dc.contributor James Cook University
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Natl Ctr Ecol Anal & Synth
dc.contributor National Center For Ecological Analysis & Synthesis
dc.contributor Nature Conservancy
dc.contributor James Cook Univ
dc.contributor University Of Queensland
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Queensland University Of Technology (qut)
dc.contributor Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Coral Reef
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en POSSINGHAM, HUGH P. BAN, NATALIE C. GAME, EDWARD T. GREEN, ALISON TREML, ERIC KLEIN, CARISSA J. HALPERN, BENJAMIN S. BEGER, MARIA GRANTHAM, HEDLEY S. KLEIN, TRAVIS J. KININMONTH, STUART WILSON, KERRIE 2013-02-28T06:49:05Z 2017-03-21T01:18:14Z 2017-03-21T01:18:14Z 2019-07-08T02:14:05Z 2017-03-21T01:18:14Z 2017-03-21T01:18:14Z 2013-02-28T06:49:05Z 2019-07-08T02:14:05Z 2010-08-30
dc.identifier 8587 en
dc.identifier.citation Klein CJ, Ban NC, Halpern BS, Beger M, Game ET, Grantham HS, Green A, Klein TJ, Kininmonth SJ, Treml E, Wilson K and Possingham H (2010) Prioritizing Land and Sea Conservation Investments to Protect Coral Reefs. PLoS ONE. 5: e12431. en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract Background: Coral reefs have exceptional biodiversity, support the livelihoods of millions of people, and are threatened by multiple human activities on land (e.g. farming) and in the sea (e.g. overfishing). Most conservation efforts occur at local scales and, when effective, can increase the resilience of coral reefs to global threats such as climate change (e.g. warming water and ocean acidification). Limited resources for conservation require that we efficiently prioritize where and how to best sustain coral reef ecosystems. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we develop the first prioritization approach that can guide regional-scale conservation investments in land-and sea-based conservation actions that cost-effectively mitigate threats to coral reefs, and apply it to the Coral Triangle, an area of significant global attention and funding. Using information on threats to marine ecosystems, effectiveness of management actions at abating threats, and the management and opportunity costs of actions, we calculate the rate of return on investment in two conservation actions in sixteen ecoregions. We discover that marine conservation almost always trumps terrestrial conservation within any ecoregion, but terrestrial conservation in one ecoregion can be a better investment than marine conservation in another. We show how these results could be used to allocate a limited budget for conservation and compare them to priorities based on individual criteria. Conclusions/Significance: Previous prioritization approaches do not consider both land and sea-based threats or the socioeconomic costs of conserving coral reefs. A simple and transparent approach like ours is essential to support effective coral reef conservation decisions in a large and diverse region like the Coral Triangle, but can be applied at any scale and to other marine ecosystems.
dc.description.sponsorship Funding was provided by the Centre for Applied Environmental Decision Analysis, the Australian Research Council, and a University of Queensland Graduate School Research Travel Grant. EAT was supported by the World Wildlife Fund Fuller Postdoctoral Fellowship. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE - pages: 5: e12431 en
dc.subject California
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Costs
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Biodiversity Conservation
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Human Impacts
dc.subject Resilience
dc.subject Areas
dc.subject Networks
dc.subject Reserve
dc.subject Marine Ecosystems
dc.title Prioritizing Land and Sea Conservation Investments to Protect Coral Reefs
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0012431
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000281375500003

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