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Uptake of picophytoplankton, bacterioplankton and virioplankton by a fringing coral reef community (Ningaloo Reef, Australia)

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor University Of Western Australia
dc.contributor Univ Western Australia
dc.contributor Sch Environm Syst Engn
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Sch Earth & Environm
dc.contributor Oceans Inst
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en WAITE, A. M. PATTEN, N. L. WYATT, A. S. J. LOWE, R. J. 2017-03-21T00:47:17Z 2013-02-28T06:41:18Z 2017-03-21T00:47:17Z 2019-07-08T02:17:46Z 2013-02-28T06:41:18Z 2017-03-21T00:47:17Z 2013-02-28T06:41:18Z 2019-07-08T02:17:46Z 2011-09-01
dc.identifier 8900 en
dc.identifier.citation Patten N, Wyatt ASJ, Lowe RJ and Waite A (2011) Uptake of picophytoplankton, bacterioplankton and virioplankton by a fringing coral reef community (Ningaloo Reef, Australia). Coral Reefs. 30: 555-567. en
dc.identifier.issn 0722-4028
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract We examined the importance of picoplankton and virioplankton to reef trophodynamics at Ningaloo Reef, (north-western Australia), in May and November 2008. Picophytoplankton (Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus and picoeukaryotes), bacterioplankton (inclusive of bacteria and Archaea), virioplankton and chlorophyll a (Chl a) were measured at five stations following the consistent wave-driven unidirectional mean flow path of seawater across the reef and into the lagoon. Prochlorococcus, Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and bacterioplankton were depleted to similar levels (similar to 40% on average) over the fore reef, reef crest and reef flat (='active reef'), with negligible uptake occurring over the sandy bottom lagoon. Depletion of virioplankton also occurred but to more variable levels. Highest uptake rates, m, of picoplankton occurred over the reef crest, while uptake coefficients, S (independent of cell concentration), were similarly scaled over the reef zones, indicating no preferential uptake of any one group. Collectively, picophytoplankton, bacterioplankton and virioplankton accounted for the uptake of 29 mmol C m(-2) day(-1), with Synechococcus contributing the highest proportion of the removed C. Picoplankton and virioplankton accounted for 1-5 mmol N m(-2) day(-1) of the removed N, with bacterioplankton estimated to be a highly rich source of N. Results indicate the importance of ocean-reef interactions and the dependence of certain reef organisms on picoplanktonic supply for reef-level biogeochemistry processes.
dc.description.sponsorship We thank D. Krikke, F. McGregor, S. Hinrichs, A. Chalmers and K. Meyers for assistance in the field. Funding was provided by grants from the University of Western Australia (UWA), The Faculty of Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences and the Western Australian Marine Science Institution (Node 3) to A.M.W.; an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Grant #DP0663670 to A.M.W. et al., an ARC Discovery Grant #DP0770094 to R.J.L. and postdoctoral research funding from UWA and The Australian Institute of Marine Science to N.L.P. The authors acknowledge the facilities, scientific and technical assistance of the Australian Microscopy & Microanalysis Research Facility at the Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, UWA, a facility funded by The University, State and Commonwealth Governments. We finally thank two anonymous reviewers who provided valuable comments that improved this manuscript.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof Coral Reefs - pages: 30: 555-567 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Shelf Waters
dc.subject Uptake
dc.subject Ningaloo Reef
dc.subject Skeletal Growth
dc.subject Coral Reef
dc.subject Nutrient Dynamics
dc.subject Central 17-degrees-s
dc.subject Western-australia
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Indian Ocean
dc.subject Picoplankton
dc.subject Viral Lysis
dc.subject Scleractinian Corals
dc.subject Virus
dc.subject Stylophora-pistillata
dc.subject Leeuwin Current
dc.title Uptake of picophytoplankton, bacterioplankton and virioplankton by a fringing coral reef community (Ningaloo Reef, Australia)
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00338-011-0777-8
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000293536600001

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