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'Sponge-specific' bacteria are widespread (but rare) in diverse marine environments

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Ctr Microbial Innovat
dc.contributor Univ Auckland
dc.contributor Sch Biol Sci
dc.contributor Bioinformat Inst
dc.contributor University Of Auckland
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en WEBSTER, NICOLE S. TAYLOR, MICHAEL W. TSAI, PETER SIMISTER, RACHEL L. DEINES, PETER BOTTE, EMMANUELLE ERICSON, GAVIN SCHMITT, SUSANNE 2013-02-28T06:57:51Z 2017-03-21T01:28:23Z 2017-03-21T01:28:23Z 2019-05-09T01:18:12Z 2017-03-21T01:28:23Z 2013-02-28T06:57:51Z 2013-02-28T06:57:51Z 2019-05-09T01:18:12Z 2013-02-01
dc.identifier xxxx en
dc.identifier.citation Taylor MW, Tsai P, Simister R, Deines P, Botte E, Ericson GB, Schmitt S, Webster NS (2013) 'Sponge-specific' bacteria are widespread (but rare) in diverse marine environments. The ISME Journal 7: 438-443. en
dc.identifier.issn 1751-7362
dc.description.abstract Numerous studies have reported the existence of sponge-specific 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequence clusters, representing bacteria found in sponges but not detected in other environments, such as seawater. The advent of deep-sequencing technologies allows us to examine the rare microbial biosphere in order to establish whether these bacteria are truly sponge specific, or are more widely distributed but only at abundances below the detection limit of conventional molecular approaches. We screened >12 million publicly available 16S rRNA gene pyrotags derived from 649 seawater, sediment, hydrothermal vent and coral samples from temperate, tropical and polar regions. We detected 77 of the 173 previously described sponge-specific clusters in seawater or other non-sponge samples, albeit generally at extremely low abundances. Sequences representing the candidate phylum 'Poribacteria', previously thought to be largely restricted to sponges, were recovered from 46 (out of 411) seawater and 41 (out of 129) sediment samples. While the presence of an organism does not imply that it is active in situ, our results do suggest that many 'sponge-specific' bacteria occur more widely outside of sponge hosts than previously thought. The ISME Journal (2013) 7, 438-443; doi:10.1038/ismej.2012.111; published online 4 October 2012
dc.description.sponsorship We gratefully acknowledge funding support from University of Auckland Faculty Research Development Fund grants (3609286 and 3622989) to MWT, a German Research Foundation (DFG) grant (SCHM 2559/1-1) to SS, and a Feodor Lynen Research Fellowship from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation to PD. L Taylor is thanked for insightful comments on the manuscript. We also thank ICoMM for the public availability of 16S rRNA gene sequence data.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof The ISME Journal en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Bacteria
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject 16s Rrna Pyrosequencing
dc.subject Specificity
dc.subject Marine Sponge
dc.subject Microbiology
dc.subject Symbionts
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject Community
dc.subject Microorganisms
dc.subject Rna
dc.subject Dna
dc.subject Vertical Transmission
dc.subject Poribacteria
dc.title 'Sponge-specific' bacteria are widespread (but rare) in diverse marine environments
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/ismej.2012.111
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000316723300020

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