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Does Trophic Status Enhance or Reduce the Thermal Tolerance of Scleractinian Corals? A Review, Experiment and Conceptual Framework

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dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science
dc.contributor Leibniz Zentrum Fur Marine Tropenforschung (zmt)
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Leibniz Ctr Trop Marine Ecol
dc.contributor Australian Institute Of Marine Science (aims) en DE'ATH, GLENN FABRICIUS, KATHARINA E. CSEKE, SZILVIA HUMPHREY, CRAIG 2017-03-21T01:12:06Z 2017-03-21T01:12:06Z 2013-02-28T06:47:14Z 2019-05-09T01:04:47Z 2017-03-21T01:12:06Z 2017-03-21T01:12:06Z 2013-02-28T06:47:14Z 2019-05-09T01:04:47Z 2013-01-17
dc.identifier 9367 en
dc.identifier.citation Fabricius KE, Cseke S, Humphrey CA and De'ath AG (2013) Does trophic status enhance or reduce the thermal tolerance of scleractinian corals? A review, experiment and conceptual framework. PLoS ONE. 8: e54399. en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.description Link to abstract/full text - en
dc.description.abstract Global warming, and nutrient and sediment runoff from coastal development, both exert increasing pressures on coastal coral reefs. The objective of this study was to resolve the question of whether coastal eutrophication may protect corals from thermal stress by improving their nutritional status, or rather diminish their thermal tolerance through the synergy of dual stressors. A review of previous studies on the topic of combined trophic status and heat exposure on the thermal tolerance of corals reveals a broad range of outcomes, including synergistic, additive and antagonistic effects. We conducted a 90-day long experiment exposing corals to realistic levels of elevated nutrients and sediments, and heat stress. Colonies of two common scleractinian corals (Acropora millepora and Montipora tuberculosa) were kept in coastal seawater, or coastal seawater that was further organically and nutrient enriched (OE), and/or enriched with nitrate. Batches of OE were created daily, facilitating nutrient uptake, plankton succession and organic enrichment as observed in coastal waters. After 10 days of acclimation, 67% of the colonies had their temperature gradually increased from 27 degrees to 31.2 degrees C. After 3-7 weeks of heat stress, colonies of both species had significantly greater reductions in fluorescence yields and lower survival in OE than without addition of OE. Furthermore, photophysiological recovery was incomplete 31-38 days after ending the heat stress only in the OE treatments. Nitrate alone had no measurable effect on survival, bleaching and recovery in either species. Skeletal growth rates were reduced by 45% in heat-stressed A. millepora and by 24% in OE-exposed M. tuberculosa. We propose a conceptual trophic framework that resolves some of the apparently contradictory outcomes revealed by the review. Our study shows that management actions to reduce coastal eutrophication can improve the resistance and resilience of vulnerable coastal coral reefs to warming temperatures.
dc.description.sponsorship This study was jointly funded by the Australian Institute of Marine Science, the Australian Government's Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility, and the Australian Government's National Environmental Research Program. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
dc.description.uri en
dc.language English
dc.language en en
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE - pages: 8: e54399 en
dc.relation.ispartof Null
dc.subject Great-barrier-reef
dc.subject Science & Technology - Other Topics
dc.subject Growth
dc.subject Nitrate Enrichment
dc.subject Water-quality
dc.subject Multidisciplinary Sciences
dc.subject Bleaching Event
dc.subject Climate-change
dc.subject Ocean Acidification
dc.subject Temperature
dc.subject Stylophora-pistillata
dc.subject Mortality Risk
dc.title Does Trophic Status Enhance or Reduce the Thermal Tolerance of Scleractinian Corals? A Review, Experiment and Conceptual Framework
dc.type journal article en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0054399
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000313738900064

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