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dc.contributor Dalhousie Univ
dc.contributor University of Tasmania
dc.contributor Univ New South Wales
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomputer Center (BSC-CNS)
dc.contributor Woods Hole Oceanog Inst
dc.contributor University of New South Wales Sydney
dc.contributor Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
dc.contributor Polytechnic University of Catalonia
dc.contributor Climate Change Res Ctr
dc.contributor Dalhousie University
dc.contributor CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere
dc.contributor Australian Institute of Marine Science
dc.contributor Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
dc.contributor Australian Res Council
dc.contributor Inst Marine & Antarctic Studies
dc.contributor Australian Inst Marine Sci
dc.contributor Univ Tasmania
dc.contributor Dept Phys Oceanog
dc.contributor Ctr Excellence Climate Extremes
dc.contributor Dept Oceanog
dc.contributor Barcelona Supercomp Ctr Holbrook, Neil J. Sen Gupta, Alex Hobday, Alistair J. Schlegel, Robert W. Donat, Markus G. Benthuysen, Jessica A. Darmaraki, Sofia Oliver, Eric C. J. 2021-02-28T19:07:07Z 2021-03-02T02:30:35Z 2021-02-28T19:07:07Z 2021-03-02T02:30:35Z 2021-01-01
dc.identifier.citation Oliver ECJ, Benthuysen JA, Darmaraki S, Donat MG, Hobday AJ, Holbrook NJ, Schlegel RW, Sen Gupta A, Carlson CA, Giovannoni SJ (2021) Marine Heatwaves. Annual Review of Marine Science 13:313-342
dc.identifier.issn 1941-1405
dc.description.abstract Ocean temperature variability is a fundamental component of the Earth's climate system, and extremes in this variability affect the health of marine ecosystems around the world. The study of marine heatwaves has emerged as a rapidly growing field of research, given notable extreme warm-water events that have occurred against a background trend of global ocean warming. This review summarizes the latest physical and statistical understanding of marine heatwaves based on how they are identified, defined, characterized, and monitored through remotely sensed and in situ data sets. We describe the physical mechanisms that cause marine heatwaves, along with their global distribution, variability, and trends. Finally, we discuss current issues in this developing research area, including considerations related to the choice of climatological baseline periods in defining extremes and how to communicate findings in the context of societal needs.
dc.description.sponsorship E.C.J.O. received support for this work from National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Discovery Grant RGPIN-2018-05255, the Ocean Frontier Institute through an award from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund, and Marine Environmental Observation, Prediction, and Response Network Early Career Faculty Grant 1-02-02-059.1. M.G.D. receives support from Spanish Ministry for the Economy, Industry, and Competitiveness grant reference RYC-2017-22964. N.J.H. acknowledges support from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Climate Extremes (grantCE170100023) and the Australian government's National Environmental Science Programme Earth Systems and Climate Change Hub.
dc.language English
dc.subject EL-NINO
dc.subject VARIABILITY
dc.subject ocean circulation
dc.subject HEAT-WAVE
dc.subject air-sea heat flux
dc.subject climate extremes
dc.subject NORTH PACIFIC
dc.subject sea surface temperature
dc.subject climate change
dc.subject Environmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subject climate variability
dc.subject OCEAN
dc.subject mixed-layer dynamics
dc.subject Marine & Freshwater Biology
dc.subject Ecology
dc.subject Oceanography
dc.title Marine Heatwaves
dc.type book chapter
dc.identifier.doi 10.1146/annurev-marine-032720-095144
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000614649200014

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